Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests

J. Ferreira, G.D. Lennox, T.A. Gardner, J.R. Thomson, E. Berenguer, A.C. Lees, R. Mac Nally, L.E.O.C. Aragão, S.F.B. Ferraz, J. Louzada, N.G. Moura, V.H.F. Oliveira, R. Pardini, R.R.C. Solar, I.C.G. Vieira, J. Barlow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As one of Earth’s most carbon-dense regions, tropical forests are central to climate change mitigation efforts. Their unparalleled species richness also makes them vital for safeguarding biodiversity. However, because research has not been conducted at management-relevant scales and has often not accounted for forest disturbance, the biodiversity implications of carbon
    conservation strategies remain poorly understood. We investigated tropical carbon–biodiversity relationships and trade-offs along a forest-disturbance gradient, using unprecedented carbon and biodiversity datasets. Biodiversity was positively associated with carbon in secondary and highly disturbed primary forests. Positive carbon–biodiversity relationships dissipated at around 100 Mg C ha–1, meaning that in less disturbed forests more carbon did not equal more biodiversity. Simulated carbon conservation schemes therefore failed to protect many species in the most species-rich forests. These biodiversity shortfalls
    were sensitive to opportunity costs and could be decreased for small carbon penalties. To ensure that the most ecologically valuable forests are protected, biodiversity needs to be incorporated into carbon conservation planning.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalNature Climate Change
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Cite this

    Ferreira, J., Lennox, G. D., Gardner, T. A., Thomson, J. R., Berenguer, E., Lees, A. C., ... Barlow, J. (2018). Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests. Nature Climate Change, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7
    Ferreira, J. ; Lennox, G.D. ; Gardner, T.A. ; Thomson, J.R. ; Berenguer, E. ; Lees, A.C. ; Mac Nally, R. ; Aragão, L.E.O.C. ; Ferraz, S.F.B. ; Louzada, J. ; Moura, N.G. ; Oliveira, V.H.F. ; Pardini, R. ; Solar, R.R.C. ; Vieira, I.C.G. ; Barlow, J. / Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests. In: Nature Climate Change. 2018 ; pp. 1-6.
    @article{d7df9ecb16cc49f08d197ed8011e2236,
    title = "Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests",
    abstract = "As one of Earth’s most carbon-dense regions, tropical forests are central to climate change mitigation efforts. Their unparalleled species richness also makes them vital for safeguarding biodiversity. However, because research has not been conducted at management-relevant scales and has often not accounted for forest disturbance, the biodiversity implications of carbonconservation strategies remain poorly understood. We investigated tropical carbon–biodiversity relationships and trade-offs along a forest-disturbance gradient, using unprecedented carbon and biodiversity datasets. Biodiversity was positively associated with carbon in secondary and highly disturbed primary forests. Positive carbon–biodiversity relationships dissipated at around 100 Mg C ha–1, meaning that in less disturbed forests more carbon did not equal more biodiversity. Simulated carbon conservation schemes therefore failed to protect many species in the most species-rich forests. These biodiversity shortfallswere sensitive to opportunity costs and could be decreased for small carbon penalties. To ensure that the most ecologically valuable forests are protected, biodiversity needs to be incorporated into carbon conservation planning.",
    author = "J. Ferreira and G.D. Lennox and T.A. Gardner and J.R. Thomson and E. Berenguer and A.C. Lees and {Mac Nally}, R. and L.E.O.C. Arag{\~a}o and S.F.B. Ferraz and J. Louzada and N.G. Moura and V.H.F. Oliveira and R. Pardini and R.R.C. Solar and I.C.G. Vieira and J. Barlow",
    note = "cited By 0; Article in Press",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7",
    language = "Undefined",
    pages = "1--6",
    journal = "Nature Climate Change",
    issn = "1758-678X",
    publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

    }

    Ferreira, J, Lennox, GD, Gardner, TA, Thomson, JR, Berenguer, E, Lees, AC, Mac Nally, R, Aragão, LEOC, Ferraz, SFB, Louzada, J, Moura, NG, Oliveira, VHF, Pardini, R, Solar, RRC, Vieira, ICG & Barlow, J 2018, 'Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests', Nature Climate Change, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7

    Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests. / Ferreira, J.; Lennox, G.D.; Gardner, T.A.; Thomson, J.R.; Berenguer, E.; Lees, A.C.; Mac Nally, R.; Aragão, L.E.O.C.; Ferraz, S.F.B.; Louzada, J.; Moura, N.G.; Oliveira, V.H.F.; Pardini, R.; Solar, R.R.C.; Vieira, I.C.G.; Barlow, J.

    In: Nature Climate Change, 2018, p. 1-6.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Carbon-focused conservation may fail to protect the most biodiverse tropical forests

    AU - Ferreira, J.

    AU - Lennox, G.D.

    AU - Gardner, T.A.

    AU - Thomson, J.R.

    AU - Berenguer, E.

    AU - Lees, A.C.

    AU - Mac Nally, R.

    AU - Aragão, L.E.O.C.

    AU - Ferraz, S.F.B.

    AU - Louzada, J.

    AU - Moura, N.G.

    AU - Oliveira, V.H.F.

    AU - Pardini, R.

    AU - Solar, R.R.C.

    AU - Vieira, I.C.G.

    AU - Barlow, J.

    N1 - cited By 0; Article in Press

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - As one of Earth’s most carbon-dense regions, tropical forests are central to climate change mitigation efforts. Their unparalleled species richness also makes them vital for safeguarding biodiversity. However, because research has not been conducted at management-relevant scales and has often not accounted for forest disturbance, the biodiversity implications of carbonconservation strategies remain poorly understood. We investigated tropical carbon–biodiversity relationships and trade-offs along a forest-disturbance gradient, using unprecedented carbon and biodiversity datasets. Biodiversity was positively associated with carbon in secondary and highly disturbed primary forests. Positive carbon–biodiversity relationships dissipated at around 100 Mg C ha–1, meaning that in less disturbed forests more carbon did not equal more biodiversity. Simulated carbon conservation schemes therefore failed to protect many species in the most species-rich forests. These biodiversity shortfallswere sensitive to opportunity costs and could be decreased for small carbon penalties. To ensure that the most ecologically valuable forests are protected, biodiversity needs to be incorporated into carbon conservation planning.

    AB - As one of Earth’s most carbon-dense regions, tropical forests are central to climate change mitigation efforts. Their unparalleled species richness also makes them vital for safeguarding biodiversity. However, because research has not been conducted at management-relevant scales and has often not accounted for forest disturbance, the biodiversity implications of carbonconservation strategies remain poorly understood. We investigated tropical carbon–biodiversity relationships and trade-offs along a forest-disturbance gradient, using unprecedented carbon and biodiversity datasets. Biodiversity was positively associated with carbon in secondary and highly disturbed primary forests. Positive carbon–biodiversity relationships dissipated at around 100 Mg C ha–1, meaning that in less disturbed forests more carbon did not equal more biodiversity. Simulated carbon conservation schemes therefore failed to protect many species in the most species-rich forests. These biodiversity shortfallswere sensitive to opportunity costs and could be decreased for small carbon penalties. To ensure that the most ecologically valuable forests are protected, biodiversity needs to be incorporated into carbon conservation planning.

    U2 - 10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7

    DO - 10.1038/s41558-018-0225-7

    M3 - Article

    SP - 1

    EP - 6

    JO - Nature Climate Change

    JF - Nature Climate Change

    SN - 1758-678X

    ER -