Case Study: A Jaw-Protruding Dental Splint Improves Running Physiology and Kinematics

Filipa Cardoso, Eduardo P Coelho, Ana Gay, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, João C Pinho, David B Pyne, Ricardo J Fernandes

    Research output: Contribution to journalOther Journal Articlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Wearing an intraoral jaw-protruding splint could enhance respiratory function in clinical settings and eventually exercise performance.

    PURPOSE: The authors studied the acute effect of wearing a lower-jaw-forwarding splint at different protruding percentages (30% and 50%) across a wide range of running exercise intensities.

    METHODS: A case study was undertaken with a highly trained and experienced 27-year-old female triathlete. She performed the same incremental intermittent treadmill running protocol on 3 occasions wearing 3 different intraoral devices (30% and 50% maximum range and a control device) to assess running physiological and kinematic variables.

    RESULTS: Both the 30% and 50% protruding splints decreased oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide production (by 4%-12% and 1%-10%, respectively) and increased ventilation and respiratory frequency (by 7%-12% and 5%-16%, respectively) along the studied running intensities. Exercise energy expenditure (approximately 1%-14%) and cost (7.8, 7.4, and 8.0 J·kg-1·m-1 for 30%, 50%, and placebo devices, respectively) were also decreased when using the jaw-protruding splints. The triathlete's lower limbs' running pattern changed by wearing the forwarding splints, decreasing the contact time and stride length by approximately 4% and increasing the stride rate by approximately 4%.

    CONCLUSIONS: Wearing a jaw-protruding splint can have a positive biophysical effect on running-performance-related parameters.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)791-795
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


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