Cats, Rabbits, Myxoma Virus and Vegetation on Macquarie Island: A Comment on Bergstrom et al

John Dowding, Elaine Murphy, Keith Springer, Tony Peacock, Charles KREBS

    Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Summary1.Eradication of a single pest species from a multiply invaded island system may have unpredictedand detrimental impacts. Bergstromet al.(2009) describe damage to vegetation following anincrease in the number of rabbits on Macquarie Island. They propose that the increase in rabbitnumbers was caused solely by eradication of cats.2.However, their modelling is flawed and their conclusion that cats were controlling rabbit num-bers is unsupported. We suggest the increase was because of some combination of four factors:reduced releases ofMyxomavirus, abundant food after 20 years of vegetation recovery, releasefrom cat predation and climate variability.3.Recent high numbers of rabbits on Macquarie Island are not unprecedented; vegetation has beendamaged in the past but has recovered. Rabbit numbers appear to be in decline again in the absenceof both cats andMyxomareleases, suggesting that other factors can contribute to regulation ofrabbit numbers in this system.4.We do not agree with the implication that pest management could have been better integrated.Eradication techniques for rodents and rabbits on an island the size of Macquarie were unavailablewhen cat eradication was deemed necessary. The benefits to seabirds of cat eradication have beenrapid. Our analysis further highlights the complexity of multiply invaded island ecosystems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1129-1132
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Applied Ecology
    Volume46
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    virus
    vegetation
    pest species
    pest control
    seabird
    rodent
    predation
    damage
    food
    climate
    modeling

    Cite this

    Dowding, John ; Murphy, Elaine ; Springer, Keith ; Peacock, Tony ; KREBS, Charles. / Cats, Rabbits, Myxoma Virus and Vegetation on Macquarie Island: A Comment on Bergstrom et al. In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 2009 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 1129-1132.
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    abstract = "Summary1.Eradication of a single pest species from a multiply invaded island system may have unpredictedand detrimental impacts. Bergstromet al.(2009) describe damage to vegetation following anincrease in the number of rabbits on Macquarie Island. They propose that the increase in rabbitnumbers was caused solely by eradication of cats.2.However, their modelling is flawed and their conclusion that cats were controlling rabbit num-bers is unsupported. We suggest the increase was because of some combination of four factors:reduced releases ofMyxomavirus, abundant food after 20 years of vegetation recovery, releasefrom cat predation and climate variability.3.Recent high numbers of rabbits on Macquarie Island are not unprecedented; vegetation has beendamaged in the past but has recovered. Rabbit numbers appear to be in decline again in the absenceof both cats andMyxomareleases, suggesting that other factors can contribute to regulation ofrabbit numbers in this system.4.We do not agree with the implication that pest management could have been better integrated.Eradication techniques for rodents and rabbits on an island the size of Macquarie were unavailablewhen cat eradication was deemed necessary. The benefits to seabirds of cat eradication have beenrapid. Our analysis further highlights the complexity of multiply invaded island ecosystems.",
    author = "John Dowding and Elaine Murphy and Keith Springer and Tony Peacock and Charles KREBS",
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    Cats, Rabbits, Myxoma Virus and Vegetation on Macquarie Island: A Comment on Bergstrom et al. / Dowding, John; Murphy, Elaine; Springer, Keith; Peacock, Tony; KREBS, Charles.

    In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 46, No. 5, 2009, p. 1129-1132.

    Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Cats, Rabbits, Myxoma Virus and Vegetation on Macquarie Island: A Comment on Bergstrom et al

    AU - Dowding, John

    AU - Murphy, Elaine

    AU - Springer, Keith

    AU - Peacock, Tony

    AU - KREBS, Charles

    PY - 2009

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    N2 - Summary1.Eradication of a single pest species from a multiply invaded island system may have unpredictedand detrimental impacts. Bergstromet al.(2009) describe damage to vegetation following anincrease in the number of rabbits on Macquarie Island. They propose that the increase in rabbitnumbers was caused solely by eradication of cats.2.However, their modelling is flawed and their conclusion that cats were controlling rabbit num-bers is unsupported. We suggest the increase was because of some combination of four factors:reduced releases ofMyxomavirus, abundant food after 20 years of vegetation recovery, releasefrom cat predation and climate variability.3.Recent high numbers of rabbits on Macquarie Island are not unprecedented; vegetation has beendamaged in the past but has recovered. Rabbit numbers appear to be in decline again in the absenceof both cats andMyxomareleases, suggesting that other factors can contribute to regulation ofrabbit numbers in this system.4.We do not agree with the implication that pest management could have been better integrated.Eradication techniques for rodents and rabbits on an island the size of Macquarie were unavailablewhen cat eradication was deemed necessary. The benefits to seabirds of cat eradication have beenrapid. Our analysis further highlights the complexity of multiply invaded island ecosystems.

    AB - Summary1.Eradication of a single pest species from a multiply invaded island system may have unpredictedand detrimental impacts. Bergstromet al.(2009) describe damage to vegetation following anincrease in the number of rabbits on Macquarie Island. They propose that the increase in rabbitnumbers was caused solely by eradication of cats.2.However, their modelling is flawed and their conclusion that cats were controlling rabbit num-bers is unsupported. We suggest the increase was because of some combination of four factors:reduced releases ofMyxomavirus, abundant food after 20 years of vegetation recovery, releasefrom cat predation and climate variability.3.Recent high numbers of rabbits on Macquarie Island are not unprecedented; vegetation has beendamaged in the past but has recovered. Rabbit numbers appear to be in decline again in the absenceof both cats andMyxomareleases, suggesting that other factors can contribute to regulation ofrabbit numbers in this system.4.We do not agree with the implication that pest management could have been better integrated.Eradication techniques for rodents and rabbits on an island the size of Macquarie were unavailablewhen cat eradication was deemed necessary. The benefits to seabirds of cat eradication have beenrapid. Our analysis further highlights the complexity of multiply invaded island ecosystems.

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