Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Synchrotron radiation has become an increasingly important tool for research in the fields of art, archaeometry, and the conservation of objects of cultural heritage significance. Scientists using conventional laboratory techniques are finding that the fundamental characteristics of synchrotron radiation - high brightness, low divergence, and highly linear polarization - can be used to give information not readily available in the laboratory context. In the author's experience, experiments do not translate directly from the laboratory to the synchrotron radiation laboratory: there are subtle differences in the use of what seem to be similar experimental apparatus. To achieve the best results, the research scientist must be able to discuss his or her research aims meaningfully with beamline scientists. And to be able to do this, the research scientist must have an understanding of the properties of synchrotron radiation, and also the various techniques that are available at synchrotrons but are unavailable in the laboratory. The chapter includes a discussion of synchrotron radiation and its properties, monochromators, detectors, and techniques such as infrared (IR) microscopy; soft X-ray spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; micro-X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), including extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), and X-ray tomography. The underlying principles of these techniques are discussed here. Later in this book, authors will address these techniques in more detail.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPhysical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
    Pages1-95
    Number of pages95
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007

    Publication series

    NamePhysical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
    Volume2
    ISSN (Print)1871-1731

    Fingerprint

    arts
    cultural heritage
    synchrotron radiation
    art
    x rays
    polarization
    divergence
    conservation
    Art
    Archaeometry
    Cultural Heritage
    Synchrotron Radiation
    monochromators
    linear polarization
    diffraction
    experiment
    absorption spectroscopy
    synchrotrons
    brightness
    tomography

    Cite this

    Creagh, D. (2007). Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies. In Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (pp. 1-95). (Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage; Vol. 2). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0
    Creagh, Dudley. / Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies. Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. 2007. pp. 1-95 (Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage).
    @inbook{11ee978e1b14487cab050115c499513c,
    title = "Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies",
    abstract = "Synchrotron radiation has become an increasingly important tool for research in the fields of art, archaeometry, and the conservation of objects of cultural heritage significance. Scientists using conventional laboratory techniques are finding that the fundamental characteristics of synchrotron radiation - high brightness, low divergence, and highly linear polarization - can be used to give information not readily available in the laboratory context. In the author's experience, experiments do not translate directly from the laboratory to the synchrotron radiation laboratory: there are subtle differences in the use of what seem to be similar experimental apparatus. To achieve the best results, the research scientist must be able to discuss his or her research aims meaningfully with beamline scientists. And to be able to do this, the research scientist must have an understanding of the properties of synchrotron radiation, and also the various techniques that are available at synchrotrons but are unavailable in the laboratory. The chapter includes a discussion of synchrotron radiation and its properties, monochromators, detectors, and techniques such as infrared (IR) microscopy; soft X-ray spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; micro-X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), including extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), and X-ray tomography. The underlying principles of these techniques are discussed here. Later in this book, authors will address these techniques in more detail.",
    keywords = "IR microscopy, micro-XRD, micro-XRF, Synchrotron radiation, tomography, X-ray, XAFS, XANES, XAS, XRD",
    author = "Dudley Creagh",
    year = "2007",
    month = "12",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9780444528568",
    series = "Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage",
    pages = "1--95",
    booktitle = "Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage",

    }

    Creagh, D 2007, Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies. in Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, vol. 2, pp. 1-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0

    Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies. / Creagh, Dudley.

    Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. 2007. p. 1-95 (Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage; Vol. 2).

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies

    AU - Creagh, Dudley

    PY - 2007/12/1

    Y1 - 2007/12/1

    N2 - Synchrotron radiation has become an increasingly important tool for research in the fields of art, archaeometry, and the conservation of objects of cultural heritage significance. Scientists using conventional laboratory techniques are finding that the fundamental characteristics of synchrotron radiation - high brightness, low divergence, and highly linear polarization - can be used to give information not readily available in the laboratory context. In the author's experience, experiments do not translate directly from the laboratory to the synchrotron radiation laboratory: there are subtle differences in the use of what seem to be similar experimental apparatus. To achieve the best results, the research scientist must be able to discuss his or her research aims meaningfully with beamline scientists. And to be able to do this, the research scientist must have an understanding of the properties of synchrotron radiation, and also the various techniques that are available at synchrotrons but are unavailable in the laboratory. The chapter includes a discussion of synchrotron radiation and its properties, monochromators, detectors, and techniques such as infrared (IR) microscopy; soft X-ray spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; micro-X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), including extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), and X-ray tomography. The underlying principles of these techniques are discussed here. Later in this book, authors will address these techniques in more detail.

    AB - Synchrotron radiation has become an increasingly important tool for research in the fields of art, archaeometry, and the conservation of objects of cultural heritage significance. Scientists using conventional laboratory techniques are finding that the fundamental characteristics of synchrotron radiation - high brightness, low divergence, and highly linear polarization - can be used to give information not readily available in the laboratory context. In the author's experience, experiments do not translate directly from the laboratory to the synchrotron radiation laboratory: there are subtle differences in the use of what seem to be similar experimental apparatus. To achieve the best results, the research scientist must be able to discuss his or her research aims meaningfully with beamline scientists. And to be able to do this, the research scientist must have an understanding of the properties of synchrotron radiation, and also the various techniques that are available at synchrotrons but are unavailable in the laboratory. The chapter includes a discussion of synchrotron radiation and its properties, monochromators, detectors, and techniques such as infrared (IR) microscopy; soft X-ray spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; micro-X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence analysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), including extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), and X-ray tomography. The underlying principles of these techniques are discussed here. Later in this book, authors will address these techniques in more detail.

    KW - IR microscopy

    KW - micro-XRD

    KW - micro-XRF

    KW - Synchrotron radiation

    KW - tomography

    KW - X-ray

    KW - XAFS

    KW - XANES

    KW - XAS

    KW - XRD

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=40849085401&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0

    DO - 10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0

    M3 - Chapter

    SN - 9780444528568

    T3 - Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

    SP - 1

    EP - 95

    BT - Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

    ER -

    Creagh D. Chapter 1 Synchrotron Radiation and its Use in Art, Archaeometry, and Cultural Heritage Studies. In Physical Techniques in the study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. 2007. p. 1-95. (Physical Techniques in the Study of Art, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1871-1731(07)80003-0