Characteristics of the phenotype of mixed cardiomyopathy in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

Deep Chandh Raja, Indira Samarawickrema, Sarat Krishna Menon, Rikvin Singh, Abhinav Mehta, Lukah Q. Tuan, Ulhas Pandurangi, Sanjiv Jain, David J. Callans, Francis E. Marchlinski, Walter P. Abhayaratna, Prashanthan Sanders, Rajeev K. Pathak

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Background or Purpose: The prognosis of mixed cardiomyopathy (CMP) in patients with implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) has not been investigated. We aim to study the demographic, clinical, device therapies and survival characteristics of mixed CMP in a cohort of patients implanted with a defibrillator. Methods: The term mixed CMP was used to categorise patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction attributed to documented non-ischemic triggers with concomitant moderate coronary artery disease. This is a single center observational cohort of 526 patients with a mean follow-up of 8.7 ± 3.5 years. Results: There were 42.5% patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), 26.9% with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) and 30.6% with mixed CMP. Mixed CMP, compared to NICM, was associated with higher mean age (69.1 ± 9.6 years), atrial fibrillation (55.3%) and greater incidence of comorbidities. The proportion of patients with mixed CMP receiving device shocks was 23.6%, compared to 18.4% in NICM and 27% in ICM. The VT cycle length recorded in mixed CMP (281.6 ± 43.1 ms) was comparable with ICM (282.5 ± 44 ms; p = 0.9) and lesser than NICM (297.7 ± 48.7 ms; p = 0.1). All-cause mortality in mixed CMP (21.1%) was similar to ICM (20.1%; p = 0.8) and higher than NICM (15.6%; p = 0.2). The Kaplan–Meier curves revealed hazards of 1.57 (95% CI: 0.91, 2.68) for mixed CMP compared to NICM. Conclusion: In a cohort of patients with ICD, the group with mixed CMP represents a phenotype predominantly comprised of the elderly with a higher incidence of comorbidities. Mixed CMP resembles ICM in terms of number of device shocks and VT cycle length. Trends of long-term prognosis of patients with mixed CMP are worse than NICM and similar to ICM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jun 2023


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