Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers

Rati Jani, Kimberley M. Mallan, Seema Mihrshahi, Lynne A. Daniels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Child-feeding practices may be modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity; however, investigation of feeding practices in non-Western populations is scarce. This cross-sectional study examines the feeding practices of affluent Indian mothers with children aged one to five years residing in Australia and Mumbai, India. The secondary aim was to study the association between maternal and child characteristics and feeding practices. Methods: In Australia and Mumbai, 230 and 301 mothers, respectively, completed either a hard copy or online questionnaire. Self-reported maternal feeding practices (restriction, monitoring, pressure to eat, passive and responsive feeding) were measured using established scales and culturally specific items. Results: Mothers in both samples were equally likely to use non-responsive feeding practices, namely dietary restriction, pressure and passive feeding. Similarly, at least 50% of mothers in both samples did not feed their children responsively (mother decides what and the child decides how much to eat). The only difference observed after controlling for covariates (mothers' age, body mass index (BMI), religion, education, questionnaire type; child's age, birthplace, gender, number of siblings and weight-for-age Z-scores) was that mothers in the Australian sample used higher levels of dietary monitoring (β = 0.2, P = 0.006). Mothers with a higher BMI (OR: 0.84, CI: 0.89-0.99, P = 0.03) and following Hinduism (OR: 0.50, CI: 0.33-0.83, P = 0.008) were less likely to feed responsively. Conclusions: These results suggest that Indian mothers in both the samples may benefit from interventions that promote responsive child-feeding practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-283
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Mothers
Hinduism
Body Mass Index
Pressure
Pediatric Obesity
Religion
Siblings
India
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Weights and Measures
Population

Cite this

Jani, Rati ; Mallan, Kimberley M. ; Mihrshahi, Seema ; Daniels, Lynne A. / Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers. In: Nutrition and Dietetics. 2014 ; Vol. 71, No. 4. pp. 276-283.
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Child-feeding practices of Indian and Australian-Indian mothers. / Jani, Rati; Mallan, Kimberley M.; Mihrshahi, Seema; Daniels, Lynne A.

In: Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 71, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 276-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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