Child schooling in India: The role of gender

Itismita MOHANTY, Anu Rammohan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose - This paper aims to analyse factors that influence child schooling outcomes in India, specifically the role of gender. Design/methodology/approach - This paper uses data from the nationally representative Indian National Family Health Surveys 1995-1996 and 2005-2006 and estimates Heckman sample selection, cluster fixed-effects and household fixed-effects econometric models. The dependent variables are the child's enrolment status and conditional on enrolment child's years of schooling. Findings - This analysis finds statistically significant evidence of male advantage both in schooling enrolment as well as years of schooling. However, using a cluster fixed-effects model, our analysis finds that within a village, conditional on being enrolled, girls spend more years in school relative to boys. Other results show that parental schooling has a positive and statistically significant impact on child schooling. There is statistically significant wealth effect, community effect and regional disparities between states in India. Originality/value - The large sample size and the range of questions available in this data set, allows us to explore the influence of individual, household and village level social, economic and cultural factors on child schooling. The role of gender on child schooling within a village, intrahousehold resource allocation for schooling and regional gender differences in schooling are important issues in India, where education outcomes remain poor for large segments of the population.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93-108
    Number of pages16
    JournalIndian Growth and Development Review
    Volume8
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    gender
    education
    India
    village
    model analysis
    cultural factors
    economic factors
    social economics
    econometrics
    social factors
    Schooling
    Child schooling
    gender-specific factors
    health survey
    resource allocation
    methodology
    health
    resources
    school
    community

    Cite this

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    title = "Child schooling in India: The role of gender",
    abstract = "Purpose - This paper aims to analyse factors that influence child schooling outcomes in India, specifically the role of gender. Design/methodology/approach - This paper uses data from the nationally representative Indian National Family Health Surveys 1995-1996 and 2005-2006 and estimates Heckman sample selection, cluster fixed-effects and household fixed-effects econometric models. The dependent variables are the child's enrolment status and conditional on enrolment child's years of schooling. Findings - This analysis finds statistically significant evidence of male advantage both in schooling enrolment as well as years of schooling. However, using a cluster fixed-effects model, our analysis finds that within a village, conditional on being enrolled, girls spend more years in school relative to boys. Other results show that parental schooling has a positive and statistically significant impact on child schooling. There is statistically significant wealth effect, community effect and regional disparities between states in India. Originality/value - The large sample size and the range of questions available in this data set, allows us to explore the influence of individual, household and village level social, economic and cultural factors on child schooling. The role of gender on child schooling within a village, intrahousehold resource allocation for schooling and regional gender differences in schooling are important issues in India, where education outcomes remain poor for large segments of the population.",
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    language = "English",
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    Child schooling in India: The role of gender. / MOHANTY, Itismita; Rammohan, Anu.

    In: Indian Growth and Development Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2015, p. 93-108.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - MOHANTY, Itismita

    AU - Rammohan, Anu

    PY - 2015

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    AB - Purpose - This paper aims to analyse factors that influence child schooling outcomes in India, specifically the role of gender. Design/methodology/approach - This paper uses data from the nationally representative Indian National Family Health Surveys 1995-1996 and 2005-2006 and estimates Heckman sample selection, cluster fixed-effects and household fixed-effects econometric models. The dependent variables are the child's enrolment status and conditional on enrolment child's years of schooling. Findings - This analysis finds statistically significant evidence of male advantage both in schooling enrolment as well as years of schooling. However, using a cluster fixed-effects model, our analysis finds that within a village, conditional on being enrolled, girls spend more years in school relative to boys. Other results show that parental schooling has a positive and statistically significant impact on child schooling. There is statistically significant wealth effect, community effect and regional disparities between states in India. Originality/value - The large sample size and the range of questions available in this data set, allows us to explore the influence of individual, household and village level social, economic and cultural factors on child schooling. The role of gender on child schooling within a village, intrahousehold resource allocation for schooling and regional gender differences in schooling are important issues in India, where education outcomes remain poor for large segments of the population.

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