Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade

Riyana Miranti, Ann Harding, Quoc Vu, Justine McNamara, Robert Tanton

    Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Paper

    Abstract

    This paper examines national and spatial trends in the number and proportion of children with jobless parents during the past decade. At the national level, we find that the number of dependent children living in households where no parent had a job fell from around 756,000 in 1995-96 to around 684,000 in 2005-06. This reflects the increasing employment rates in Australia. While there were across-the-board falls in the number of such children by age group, the sharpest decreases occurred for 0 to 4 year old children. The proportion of all dependent children living in jobless households also fell, from 15.6 per cent in 1995-96 to 13.8 per cent in 2005-06. Despite this progress, however, one in every 7 dependent children in Australia in 2005-06 still lived in a household where no parent had a job. Our spatial analysis, of 1049 small areas, indicated that in three-quarters of the areas considered - covering 80 per cent of all children - the risk of children living in a jobless family fell between 2001 and 2006. Particularly positive is our finding that just over one-quarter of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of children being in jobless families fell by more than 4.1 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Just over half of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of being in jobless family declined during the five years, although by less than 4.1 percentage points. However, gains were not equally spread across Australia. Some 5.5 per cent of Australia's children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family actually increased by more than 3.4 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Almost a further 15 per cent of children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family still increased during these five years, but by less than 3.4 percentage points
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages28
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    Event37th Australian Conference of Economists - Gold Coast, Australia
    Duration: 30 Sep 20084 Oct 2008

    Conference

    Conference37th Australian Conference of Economists
    CountryAustralia
    CityGold Coast
    Period30/09/084/10/08

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    Cite this

    Miranti, R., Harding, A., Vu, Q., McNamara, J., & Tanton, R. (2008). Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade. Paper presented at 37th Australian Conference of Economists, Gold Coast, Australia.
    Miranti, Riyana ; Harding, Ann ; Vu, Quoc ; McNamara, Justine ; Tanton, Robert. / Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade. Paper presented at 37th Australian Conference of Economists, Gold Coast, Australia.28 p.
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    abstract = "This paper examines national and spatial trends in the number and proportion of children with jobless parents during the past decade. At the national level, we find that the number of dependent children living in households where no parent had a job fell from around 756,000 in 1995-96 to around 684,000 in 2005-06. This reflects the increasing employment rates in Australia. While there were across-the-board falls in the number of such children by age group, the sharpest decreases occurred for 0 to 4 year old children. The proportion of all dependent children living in jobless households also fell, from 15.6 per cent in 1995-96 to 13.8 per cent in 2005-06. Despite this progress, however, one in every 7 dependent children in Australia in 2005-06 still lived in a household where no parent had a job. Our spatial analysis, of 1049 small areas, indicated that in three-quarters of the areas considered - covering 80 per cent of all children - the risk of children living in a jobless family fell between 2001 and 2006. Particularly positive is our finding that just over one-quarter of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of children being in jobless families fell by more than 4.1 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Just over half of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of being in jobless family declined during the five years, although by less than 4.1 percentage points. However, gains were not equally spread across Australia. Some 5.5 per cent of Australia's children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family actually increased by more than 3.4 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Almost a further 15 per cent of children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family still increased during these five years, but by less than 3.4 percentage points",
    author = "Riyana Miranti and Ann Harding and Quoc Vu and Justine McNamara and Robert Tanton",
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    note = "37th Australian Conference of Economists ; Conference date: 30-09-2008 Through 04-10-2008",

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    Miranti, R, Harding, A, Vu, Q, McNamara, J & Tanton, R 2008, 'Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade' Paper presented at 37th Australian Conference of Economists, Gold Coast, Australia, 30/09/08 - 4/10/08, .

    Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade. / Miranti, Riyana; Harding, Ann; Vu, Quoc; McNamara, Justine; Tanton, Robert.

    2008. Paper presented at 37th Australian Conference of Economists, Gold Coast, Australia.

    Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Paper

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade

    AU - Miranti, Riyana

    AU - Harding, Ann

    AU - Vu, Quoc

    AU - McNamara, Justine

    AU - Tanton, Robert

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - This paper examines national and spatial trends in the number and proportion of children with jobless parents during the past decade. At the national level, we find that the number of dependent children living in households where no parent had a job fell from around 756,000 in 1995-96 to around 684,000 in 2005-06. This reflects the increasing employment rates in Australia. While there were across-the-board falls in the number of such children by age group, the sharpest decreases occurred for 0 to 4 year old children. The proportion of all dependent children living in jobless households also fell, from 15.6 per cent in 1995-96 to 13.8 per cent in 2005-06. Despite this progress, however, one in every 7 dependent children in Australia in 2005-06 still lived in a household where no parent had a job. Our spatial analysis, of 1049 small areas, indicated that in three-quarters of the areas considered - covering 80 per cent of all children - the risk of children living in a jobless family fell between 2001 and 2006. Particularly positive is our finding that just over one-quarter of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of children being in jobless families fell by more than 4.1 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Just over half of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of being in jobless family declined during the five years, although by less than 4.1 percentage points. However, gains were not equally spread across Australia. Some 5.5 per cent of Australia's children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family actually increased by more than 3.4 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Almost a further 15 per cent of children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family still increased during these five years, but by less than 3.4 percentage points

    AB - This paper examines national and spatial trends in the number and proportion of children with jobless parents during the past decade. At the national level, we find that the number of dependent children living in households where no parent had a job fell from around 756,000 in 1995-96 to around 684,000 in 2005-06. This reflects the increasing employment rates in Australia. While there were across-the-board falls in the number of such children by age group, the sharpest decreases occurred for 0 to 4 year old children. The proportion of all dependent children living in jobless households also fell, from 15.6 per cent in 1995-96 to 13.8 per cent in 2005-06. Despite this progress, however, one in every 7 dependent children in Australia in 2005-06 still lived in a household where no parent had a job. Our spatial analysis, of 1049 small areas, indicated that in three-quarters of the areas considered - covering 80 per cent of all children - the risk of children living in a jobless family fell between 2001 and 2006. Particularly positive is our finding that just over one-quarter of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of children being in jobless families fell by more than 4.1 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Just over half of Australian children lived in areas where the risk of being in jobless family declined during the five years, although by less than 4.1 percentage points. However, gains were not equally spread across Australia. Some 5.5 per cent of Australia's children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family actually increased by more than 3.4 percentage points between 2001 and 2006. Almost a further 15 per cent of children lived in areas where the risk of being in a jobless family still increased during these five years, but by less than 3.4 percentage points

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Miranti R, Harding A, Vu Q, McNamara J, Tanton R. Children with Jobless Parents: National and Small Area Trends for Australia in the Past Decade. 2008. Paper presented at 37th Australian Conference of Economists, Gold Coast, Australia.