Chorus Dynamics of two Sympatric Species of Ranidella (Anura): Within‐year and between‐year Variability in Organisation and their Determination

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    Abstract

    Chorus dynamics of two sympatric species of anuran amphibians (genus Ranidella) were studied for four years (1977 to 1980) in central Victoria. Analyses of single-species assemblages showed that 40 % of calling males were long-term residents (> 40 days) in a given stretch of pond margin; the remainder appeared to be transients. Vocalizing males show strong fidelity to sets of discrete “calling stations”, characteristics of which did not appear to differ from intervening sections of pond margin. Nearest neighbour analyses revealed regular arrangement. Residents were sedentary, so that they often occupied a given station for two or more months. Calling stations were occupied by successions of males, so that changes in occupancy could be translated into transition matrices. Transitions that involved the retention or acquisition of stations by residents were regarded as “stabilising” transitions. These transitions were prevalent in the early and middle phases of breeding. “Destabilising” transitions, which involved the acquisition of calling stations by transients, were most common late in the breeding season. Transition matrices were similar from year to year and for both species at any one locality, but differed between localities. Analyses of between-species dynamics showed that relationships differed from year to year, apparently in response to the severity of autumnal drought. Variable acoustic interaction is proposed as a mechanism by which these differences can be explained.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)134-151
    Number of pages18
    JournalEthology
    Volume65
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1984

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    Anura
    sympatry
    vocalization
    pond
    amphibians
    acoustics
    breeding season
    drought
    matrix
    amphibian
    breeding
    station

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    title = "Chorus Dynamics of two Sympatric Species of Ranidella (Anura): Within‐year and between‐year Variability in Organisation and their Determination",
    abstract = "Chorus dynamics of two sympatric species of anuran amphibians (genus Ranidella) were studied for four years (1977 to 1980) in central Victoria. Analyses of single-species assemblages showed that 40 {\%} of calling males were long-term residents (> 40 days) in a given stretch of pond margin; the remainder appeared to be transients. Vocalizing males show strong fidelity to sets of discrete “calling stations”, characteristics of which did not appear to differ from intervening sections of pond margin. Nearest neighbour analyses revealed regular arrangement. Residents were sedentary, so that they often occupied a given station for two or more months. Calling stations were occupied by successions of males, so that changes in occupancy could be translated into transition matrices. Transitions that involved the retention or acquisition of stations by residents were regarded as “stabilising” transitions. These transitions were prevalent in the early and middle phases of breeding. “Destabilising” transitions, which involved the acquisition of calling stations by transients, were most common late in the breeding season. Transition matrices were similar from year to year and for both species at any one locality, but differed between localities. Analyses of between-species dynamics showed that relationships differed from year to year, apparently in response to the severity of autumnal drought. Variable acoustic interaction is proposed as a mechanism by which these differences can be explained.",
    author = "{MAC NALLY}, Ralph",
    note = "Cited By :2 Export Date: 6 June 2017",
    year = "1984",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1439-0310.1984.tb00095.x",
    language = "English",
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    pages = "134--151",
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    N2 - Chorus dynamics of two sympatric species of anuran amphibians (genus Ranidella) were studied for four years (1977 to 1980) in central Victoria. Analyses of single-species assemblages showed that 40 % of calling males were long-term residents (> 40 days) in a given stretch of pond margin; the remainder appeared to be transients. Vocalizing males show strong fidelity to sets of discrete “calling stations”, characteristics of which did not appear to differ from intervening sections of pond margin. Nearest neighbour analyses revealed regular arrangement. Residents were sedentary, so that they often occupied a given station for two or more months. Calling stations were occupied by successions of males, so that changes in occupancy could be translated into transition matrices. Transitions that involved the retention or acquisition of stations by residents were regarded as “stabilising” transitions. These transitions were prevalent in the early and middle phases of breeding. “Destabilising” transitions, which involved the acquisition of calling stations by transients, were most common late in the breeding season. Transition matrices were similar from year to year and for both species at any one locality, but differed between localities. Analyses of between-species dynamics showed that relationships differed from year to year, apparently in response to the severity of autumnal drought. Variable acoustic interaction is proposed as a mechanism by which these differences can be explained.

    AB - Chorus dynamics of two sympatric species of anuran amphibians (genus Ranidella) were studied for four years (1977 to 1980) in central Victoria. Analyses of single-species assemblages showed that 40 % of calling males were long-term residents (> 40 days) in a given stretch of pond margin; the remainder appeared to be transients. Vocalizing males show strong fidelity to sets of discrete “calling stations”, characteristics of which did not appear to differ from intervening sections of pond margin. Nearest neighbour analyses revealed regular arrangement. Residents were sedentary, so that they often occupied a given station for two or more months. Calling stations were occupied by successions of males, so that changes in occupancy could be translated into transition matrices. Transitions that involved the retention or acquisition of stations by residents were regarded as “stabilising” transitions. These transitions were prevalent in the early and middle phases of breeding. “Destabilising” transitions, which involved the acquisition of calling stations by transients, were most common late in the breeding season. Transition matrices were similar from year to year and for both species at any one locality, but differed between localities. Analyses of between-species dynamics showed that relationships differed from year to year, apparently in response to the severity of autumnal drought. Variable acoustic interaction is proposed as a mechanism by which these differences can be explained.

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