Clinicians’ perspectives of therapeutic alliance in face-to-face and telepractice speech–language pathology sessions

Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech–language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech–language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. Method: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children–Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians’ perceptions of rapport with up to three clients. Participants also reported their overall perception of rapport with each client and their comfort with technology. Result: There was a strong correlation between TASC-r total scores and overall ratings of rapport, providing preliminary evidence of TASC-r face validity. There was no significant difference between TASC-r scores for telepractice and face-to-face therapy (p = 0.961), nor face-to-face and telepractice SLPs’ confidence with familiar (p = 0.414) or unfamiliar technology (p = 0.780). Conclusion: The TASC-r may be a promising tool for measuring therapeutic alliance in speech–language pathology. Telepractice does not appear to have a negative effect on rapport between SLPs and paediatric clients. Future research is required to identify how SLPs develop rapport in telepractice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


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