Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group guidance- paper 6: Reporting guidelines for qualitative, implementation, and process evaluation evidence syntheses

Kate Flemming, Andrew Booth, Karin Hannes, Margaret Cargo, Jane Noyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To outline contemporary and novel developments for the presentation and reporting of syntheses of qualitative, implementation, and process evaluation evidence and provide recommendations for the use of reporting guidelines. Study Design and Setting: An overview of reporting guidelines for qualitative, implementation, and process evaluation evidence syntheses drawing on current international literature and the collective expert knowledge of the Cochrane Qualitative and Implementation Methods Group. Results: Several reporting guidelines exist that can be used or adapted to report syntheses of qualitative, implementation, and process evaluation evidence. Methods to develop individual guidance varied. The use of a relevant reporting guideline can enhance the transparency, consistency, and quality of reporting. Guidelines that exist are generic, method specific, and for particular aspects of the reviewing process, searching. Conclusion: Caution is expressed over the potential for reporting guidelines to produce a mechanistic approach moving the focus away from the content and toward the procedural aspects of the review. The use of a reporting guideline is recommended and a five-step decision flowchart to guide the choice of reporting guideline is provided. Gaps remain in method-specific reporting guidelines such as mixed-study, implementation, and process evaluation evidence syntheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

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