Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of cognitive/functional measures in combination with hippocampal volume (HCV) on the probability of conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test for immediate memory, Mini-Mental State Examination, a functional assessment for independent daily activities and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale were used as cognitive/functional measures and HCV as neuroimaging measure. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to explore the measures' predictive values for AD conversion and time to conversion. Results: The probability of conversion from MCI to AD was associated with cognitive function, but this was moderated by HCV: Higher at lower HCV and lower at higher HCV. General cognitive/functional measures were less predictive than immediate memory in predicting time to conversion to AD at small HCVs. Conclusion: Effectiveness of cognitive measures and subtle functional abnormality in predicting conversion from MCI to AD is dependent on HCV, thus combined evaluation should be considered. A combination of HCV and immediate memory appear to perform best in predicting time to conversion.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Jan 2019|