Combination of plasma neurofilament light chain and mini-mental state examination score predicts progression from mild cognitive impairment to alzheimer's disease within 5 years

Nicolas Darmanthé, Hossein Tabatabaei-Jafari, Nicolas Cherbuin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk of progression to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, but some remain stable. There is a need to identify those at higher risk of progression to improve patient management and outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the trajectory of plasma neurofilament light chain (pNFL) prior to progression from MCI to AD dementia, the performance of pNFL, in combination with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), as a predictor of progression from MCI to AD dementia and to inform clinicians on the use of pNFL as a predictive biomarker. Methods: Participants (n=440) with MCI and longitudinal follow-up (mean=4.2 years) from the AD Neuroimaging Initiative dataset were included. pNFL as a marker for neurodegeneration and the MMSE as a cognitive measure were investigated as simple/practical predictors of progression. The risk of progressing from MCI to AD dementia associated with pNFL and MMSE scores was assessed using Cox and logistic regression models. Results: The current risk of progression to AD dementia was 37%higher in individuals with high pNFL (>56ng/L) compared to those with average pNFL (≤40ng/L). A combination of baseline pNFL and MMSE could differentiate those who progressed within 5 years (AUC=0.75) from stable individuals. Including change in MMSE over 6-12 months further improved the model (AUC=0.84). Conclusion: Our findings reveal that combining pNFL with a simple dementia screener (MMSE) can reliably predict whether a person with MCI is likely to progress to AD dementia within 5 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-964
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

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