Comparing Objective Perimetry, Matrix Perimetry, and Regional Retinal Thickness in Mild Diabetic Macular Edema

Bhim B. Rai, Ted Maddess, Corinne F. Carle, Emilie M.F. Rohan, Josh P. van Kleef, Richard C. Barry, Rohan W. Essex, Christopher J. Nolan, Faran Sabeti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Purpose: To compare per-region macular sensitivity and delay from objective perimetry with Matrix perimetry and retinal thickness in mild diabetic macular edema (DMO). Methods: Thirty-three patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) aged 59.2 ± 10.5 years participated in a longitudinal study. Macular thickness, sensitivities and delays from the objectiveFIELD Analyzer (OFA), and Matrix perimeter sensitivities were mapped onto a common spatial layout to compute per-region correlations between structure/function measures. A generalized linear mixed-effects logistic regression model determined which variables contributed to clinical diagnosis of DMO. Results: For OFA, the mean sensitivity differences compared with normal in patients with T2D were negative and the mean delay differences positive, indicating lowered sensitivities and prolonged delays, both increasing with diabetes duration. Shorter diabetes duration could produce either localized peripheral hypersensitivities or shorter delays. Functional change could occur when retinal thickness was stable. Peripheral macular thickness correlated with central and peripheral OFA sensitivity and delay, all P < 0.0012 in DMO and a median of P = 0.001 without DMO; this was not true for Matrix sensitivities. The logistic model determined that peripheral thickness, OFA sensitivity (P = 0.043), and time in the study (P = 0.001) contribute independently to the odds of DMO versus no DMO. Conclusions: Mean sensitivities decreased and mean delays increased with duration of diabetes. Peripheral macular thickness correlated significantly with central and peripheral macular OFA sensitivity and delay. Peripheral macular thickness and functional measures may provide sensitive prognostic data. Translational Relevance: Functional loss can precede structural change in DMO, so including such functional assessment for deciding on treatment may be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalTranslational vision science & technology
Volume10
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

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