Comparison of the use of a vessel-sealing device versus ligatures for occlusion of uterine tissues during ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Euan J. McLean, Andrew P. Woodward, Stewart D. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the bursting strength of the uterine horns (UHs) and cervicalvestibule junction (CVJs) of rabbits following sealing with a vessel-sealing device (VSD) or encircling ligatures. SAMPLE UHs and CVJs collected from 30 rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) cadavers. PROCEDURES UHs and CVJs were randomly assigned to sealing with encircling Miller knot ligatures (LIG; n = 10 CVJs and 20 UHs) or a VSD (12 CVJs and 24 UHs). Lumens were infused with saline (0.9% NaCl) solution under pressure until seals burst or to a maximum pressure of 300 mm Hg. RESULTS For CVJs, median (range) bursting pressure of the LIG and VSD groups was > 300 mm Hg (224 to > 300 mm Hg) and 35 mm Hg (0 to 60 mm Hg), respectively. Five of 12 CVJs in the VSD group failed at pressures < 33 mm Hg. For UHs, median (range) bursting pressure of the LIG and VSD groups was 255 mm Hg (120 to > 300 mm Hg) and 154 mm Hg (range, 44 to 202 mm Hg), respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The evaluated VSD was effective in sealing UHs at bursting pressures well in excess of expected physiologic pressures, indicating that the VSD may be useful for ovariectomy procedures in rabbits. However, CVJ seals created with the VSD were ineffective and could potentially burst at low pressures, which could predispose to urine entering the abdomen. Given these results, we do not recommend sealing of the CVJ with a VSD for ovariohysterectomy in rabbits. (Am J Vet Res 2020;81:755–759).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-759
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume81
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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