Comparison of two methods for the isolation of phytolith occluded carbon from plant material

Jeffrey F. Parr, Leigh A. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Phytolith occluded carbon (PhytOC) is of interest for isotope studies, dating of sediments and the capture and storage of carbon. Many methodologies have been used for the isolation of phytoliths from plant material; however, there are wide disparities in the PhytOC contents when determined by different methodologies. In this study we examine the utility of the two main methods used for quantifying PhytOC. Methods: These methods are: (1) a microwave digestion followed by a Walkley-Black digestion, and (2) H2SO4/H2O2. Results: Method (1) produced PhytOC values over 50 times higher than those acquired by method (2). SEM examination indicated that the differences were likely due to shattering of the phytoliths by method (2) allowing consumption by the acid and peroxide of PhytOC. Conclusion: These results indicate that for the samples analysed here: 1] the modified microwave method allowed the total PhytOC to be measured, 2] the H2SO4/H2O2 method allowed the PhytOC within the tightly packed silica matrix to be measured, and 3] the PhytOC retained within the phytolith cavities could possibly be calculated by subtracting 2] from 1]. For the samples analysed here most of the PhytOC resided in the phytolith cavities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume374
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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phytoliths
phytolith
isolation techniques
carbon
methodology
material
comparison
method
digestion
cavity
peroxides
carbon sequestration
silica

Cite this

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abstract = "Background and aims: Phytolith occluded carbon (PhytOC) is of interest for isotope studies, dating of sediments and the capture and storage of carbon. Many methodologies have been used for the isolation of phytoliths from plant material; however, there are wide disparities in the PhytOC contents when determined by different methodologies. In this study we examine the utility of the two main methods used for quantifying PhytOC. Methods: These methods are: (1) a microwave digestion followed by a Walkley-Black digestion, and (2) H2SO4/H2O2. Results: Method (1) produced PhytOC values over 50 times higher than those acquired by method (2). SEM examination indicated that the differences were likely due to shattering of the phytoliths by method (2) allowing consumption by the acid and peroxide of PhytOC. Conclusion: These results indicate that for the samples analysed here: 1] the modified microwave method allowed the total PhytOC to be measured, 2] the H2SO4/H2O2 method allowed the PhytOC within the tightly packed silica matrix to be measured, and 3] the PhytOC retained within the phytolith cavities could possibly be calculated by subtracting 2] from 1]. For the samples analysed here most of the PhytOC resided in the phytolith cavities.",
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Comparison of two methods for the isolation of phytolith occluded carbon from plant material. / Parr, Jeffrey F.; Sullivan, Leigh A.

In: Plant and Soil, Vol. 374, No. 1-2, 2014, p. 45-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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