Competitiveness, production, and productivity of cocoa in Indonesia

I. M. Fahmid, H. Harun, M. M. Fahmid, Saadah, N. Busthanul

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contributionpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
52 Downloads (Pure)


Cocoa is one of Indonesia's five foreign exchange earner, thus cocoa must stay competitive for the export market. Aims of this study are: analyze the cost structure, production and productivity of cocoa farming, the level of competitiveness, and map the types of government policies that affect the competitiveness of cocoa plants. The method used is descriptive qualitative and quantitative. Data analysis is done by using PAM (Policy Analysis Matrix). The results showed, structures are at the cost of production of cocoa farming in Indonesia almost 50 percent for wages, and 31.6 percent for land rental. The big percentage of workers wages indicates that cocoa farming is labor intensive production. In Indonesia total productive cocoa farms only 27.6%, with a productivity level of 655,515 kg per hectare. Cocoa farming in Indonesia is carried out with protective policies, the value of EPC 4.29, indicating the government's policy towards the inputs and outputs of cocoa has been effective. While the PCR value of 0.51, indicating cocoa farming has a competitive advantage, but it does not have a comparative advantage. In conclusion, productivity, out-put prices, and exchange rates should be raised, and input prices should be lowered, so that cocoa farming can provide higher net transfer values for farmers. To improve the competitiveness of cocoa farming, the islands of Sulawesi and Sumatra are two islands that require special policies, especially on out-put price policy, input prices, and productivity, as well as improvement of other cocoa commodity farming systems, as these two islands contributed more the 80 percent of Indonesia cocoa bean production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
EditorsImam Mujahidin Fahmid
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherIOP Publishing
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
Event1st International Conference on Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in The Tropics, IC-FSSAT 2017 - Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201725 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
PublisherIOP Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Print)1755-1307


Conference1st International Conference on Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in The Tropics, IC-FSSAT 2017
CityMakassar, Sulawesi Selatan


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