Conocimiento sobre trastornos del neurodesarrollo asociado con la aceptación del modelo de educación inclusiva en docentes de educación básica

Adriana Lara-Cruz Psicól, Ángelica Angéles-Llerenas, Gregorio Katz-Guss, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Norma Guillermina Rangel-Eudave, Guillermina Maria Rivero-Rangel, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Eduardo Madrigal-de León, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce

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Abstract

Objective. To describe the prevalence of knowledge about neurodevelopment disorders (NDDs) and the level of acceptance of models of inclusive education (IEM) in teachers. Materials and methods. A multicenter crosssectional study in Mexico and Central America.A self-report instrument to teachers of basic level on knowledge in NDDs and acceptance of the IEM. Results. The response of 511 teachers was obtained.The prevalence of high acceptance of the IEM was 28.6%. Of the 120 teachers who reported having extensive knowledge about intellectual disability, 3.8% were in the lowest percentile of acceptance of the IEM, 19.5% in the average percentile of acceptance and 55.5% of them were in the highest percentile acceptance (p<0.001).Among teachers, a greater knowledge about NDDs was associated with the acceptance of IEM: learning disorders RM 3.76 (95%CI 2.13-6.62); attention deficit disorders with hyperactivity RM 2.24 (95%CI 1.31-3.84) and intellectual disability RM 3.84 (95%CI 2.46-5.99). Conclusions. The teaching acceptance of IEM can be favored with greater and better training of education professionals on the different NDDs.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)569-581
Number of pages13
JournalSalud Publica de Mexico
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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