Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat

Sebastien Racinais, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Aaron J. Coutts, Andreas D. Flouris, Olivier Girard, José González-Alonso, Christophe Hausswirth, Ollie Jay, J. K.W. Lee, Nicola Mitchell, George P. Nassis, Lars Nybo, Babette M Pluim, Bart Roelands, Michael N. Sawka, Jonathan Wingo, J. D. Périard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimise performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimise performance is to heat acclimatise. Heat acclimatisation should comprise repeated exercise-heat exposures over 1-2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in a euhydrated state and minimise dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (eg, cooling-vest), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organisers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimising the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events, for hydration and body cooling opportunities, when competitions are held in the heat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1173
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume49
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Hot Temperature
Athletes
Exercise
Fluid Therapy
Acclimatization
Dehydration
Sports
Appointments and Schedules
Health

Cite this

Racinais, S., Alonso, J-M., Coutts, A. J., Flouris, A. D., Girard, O., González-Alonso, J., ... Périard, J. D. (2015). Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(18), 1164-1173. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094915
Racinais, Sebastien ; Alonso, Juan-Manuel ; Coutts, Aaron J. ; Flouris, Andreas D. ; Girard, Olivier ; González-Alonso, José ; Hausswirth, Christophe ; Jay, Ollie ; Lee, J. K.W. ; Mitchell, Nicola ; Nassis, George P. ; Nybo, Lars ; Pluim, Babette M ; Roelands, Bart ; Sawka, Michael N. ; Wingo, Jonathan ; Périard, J. D. / Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 49, No. 18. pp. 1164-1173.
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Racinais, S, Alonso, J-M, Coutts, AJ, Flouris, AD, Girard, O, González-Alonso, J, Hausswirth, C, Jay, O, Lee, JKW, Mitchell, N, Nassis, GP, Nybo, L, Pluim, BM, Roelands, B, Sawka, MN, Wingo, J & Périard, JD 2015, 'Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 49, no. 18, pp. 1164-1173. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094915

Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat. / Racinais, Sebastien; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Coutts, Aaron J.; Flouris, Andreas D.; Girard, Olivier; González-Alonso, José; Hausswirth, Christophe; Jay, Ollie; Lee, J. K.W.; Mitchell, Nicola; Nassis, George P.; Nybo, Lars; Pluim, Babette M; Roelands, Bart; Sawka, Michael N.; Wingo, Jonathan; Périard, J. D.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 18, 01.09.2015, p. 1164-1173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Racinais S, Alonso J-M, Coutts AJ, Flouris AD, Girard O, González-Alonso J et al. Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015 Sep 1;49(18):1164-1173. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094915