Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat

Sébastien Racinais, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Aaron J. Coutts, Andreas D. Flouris, Olivier Girard, José González-Alonso, Christophe Hausswirth, Ollie Jay, Jason K W Lee, Nigel Mitchell, George P. Nassis, Lars Nybo, Babette M Pluim, Bart Roelands, Michael N. Sawka, Jonathan Wingo, Julien D. Périard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimize performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimize performance is to heat acclimatize. Heat acclimatization should comprise repeated exercise–heat exposures over 1–2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in an euhydrated state and minimize dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (e.g., cooling vests), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organizers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimizing the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events for hydration and body cooling opportunities when competitions are held in the heat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-938
Number of pages14
JournalSports Medicine
Volume45
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hot Temperature
Athletes
Exercise
Fluid Therapy
Acclimatization
Dehydration
Sports
Appointments and Schedules
Health

Cite this

Racinais, S., Alonso, J-M., Coutts, A. J., Flouris, A. D., Girard, O., González-Alonso, J., ... Périard, J. D. (2015). Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat. Sports Medicine, 45(7), 925-938. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6
Racinais, Sébastien ; Alonso, Juan-Manuel ; Coutts, Aaron J. ; Flouris, Andreas D. ; Girard, Olivier ; González-Alonso, José ; Hausswirth, Christophe ; Jay, Ollie ; Lee, Jason K W ; Mitchell, Nigel ; Nassis, George P. ; Nybo, Lars ; Pluim, Babette M ; Roelands, Bart ; Sawka, Michael N. ; Wingo, Jonathan ; Périard, Julien D. / Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat. In: Sports Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 45, No. 7. pp. 925-938.
@article{c2b5dd3b479545c29306c3c1b632f8a4,
title = "Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat",
abstract = "Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimize performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimize performance is to heat acclimatize. Heat acclimatization should comprise repeated exercise–heat exposures over 1–2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in an euhydrated state and minimize dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (e.g., cooling vests), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organizers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimizing the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events for hydration and body cooling opportunities when competitions are held in the heat.",
author = "S{\'e}bastien Racinais and Juan-Manuel Alonso and Coutts, {Aaron J.} and Flouris, {Andreas D.} and Olivier Girard and Jos{\'e} Gonz{\'a}lez-Alonso and Christophe Hausswirth and Ollie Jay and Lee, {Jason K W} and Nigel Mitchell and Nassis, {George P.} and Lars Nybo and Pluim, {Babette M} and Bart Roelands and Sawka, {Michael N.} and Jonathan Wingo and P{\'e}riard, {Julien D.}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "925--938",
journal = "Sports Medicine",
issn = "0112-1642",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

Racinais, S, Alonso, J-M, Coutts, AJ, Flouris, AD, Girard, O, González-Alonso, J, Hausswirth, C, Jay, O, Lee, JKW, Mitchell, N, Nassis, GP, Nybo, L, Pluim, BM, Roelands, B, Sawka, MN, Wingo, J & Périard, JD 2015, 'Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat', Sports Medicine, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 925-938. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6

Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat. / Racinais, Sébastien; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Coutts, Aaron J.; Flouris, Andreas D.; Girard, Olivier; González-Alonso, José; Hausswirth, Christophe; Jay, Ollie; Lee, Jason K W; Mitchell, Nigel; Nassis, George P.; Nybo, Lars; Pluim, Babette M; Roelands, Bart; Sawka, Michael N.; Wingo, Jonathan; Périard, Julien D.

In: Sports Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 7, 20.07.2015, p. 925-938.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat

AU - Racinais, Sébastien

AU - Alonso, Juan-Manuel

AU - Coutts, Aaron J.

AU - Flouris, Andreas D.

AU - Girard, Olivier

AU - González-Alonso, José

AU - Hausswirth, Christophe

AU - Jay, Ollie

AU - Lee, Jason K W

AU - Mitchell, Nigel

AU - Nassis, George P.

AU - Nybo, Lars

AU - Pluim, Babette M

AU - Roelands, Bart

AU - Sawka, Michael N.

AU - Wingo, Jonathan

AU - Périard, Julien D.

PY - 2015/7/20

Y1 - 2015/7/20

N2 - Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimize performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimize performance is to heat acclimatize. Heat acclimatization should comprise repeated exercise–heat exposures over 1–2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in an euhydrated state and minimize dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (e.g., cooling vests), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organizers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimizing the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events for hydration and body cooling opportunities when competitions are held in the heat.

AB - Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimize performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimize performance is to heat acclimatize. Heat acclimatization should comprise repeated exercise–heat exposures over 1–2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in an euhydrated state and minimize dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (e.g., cooling vests), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organizers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimizing the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events for hydration and body cooling opportunities when competitions are held in the heat.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84931562676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6

DO - 10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6

M3 - Review article

VL - 45

SP - 925

EP - 938

JO - Sports Medicine

JF - Sports Medicine

SN - 0112-1642

IS - 7

ER -

Racinais S, Alonso J-M, Coutts AJ, Flouris AD, Girard O, González-Alonso J et al. Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat. Sports Medicine. 2015 Jul 20;45(7):925-938. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0343-6