Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions

David Lindenmayer, Emma Burns, Phillip Tennant, Chris Dickman, Peter Green, David A. Keith, Daniel Metcalfe, Jeremy Russell-Smith, Glenda Wardle, Dick Williams, Karl Bossard, Claire deLacey, Ivan Hanigan, C Bull, Graeme Gillespie, Richard Hobbs, Charles Krebs, Gene Likens, John Porter, Michael Vardon

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    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In 2050, which aspects of ecosystem change will we regret not having measured? Long-term monitoring plays a crucial part in managing Australia's natural environment because time is a key factor underpinning changes in ecosystems. It is critical to start measuring key attributes of ecosystems - and the human and natural process affecting them - now, so that we can track the trajectory of change over time. This will facilitate informed choices about how to manage ecological changes (including interventions where they are required) and promote better understanding by 2050 of how particular ecosystems have been shaped over time. There will be considerable value in building on existing long-term monitoring programmes because this can add significantly to the temporal depth of information. The economic and social processes driving change in ecosystems are not identical in all ecosystems, so much of what is monitored (and the means by which it is monitored) will most likely target specific ecosystems or groups of ecosystems. To best understand the effects of ecosystem-specific threats and drivers, monitoring also will need to address the economic and social factors underpinning ecosystem-specific change. Therefore, robust assessments of the state of Australia's environment will be best achieved by reporting on the ecological performance of a representative sample of ecosystems over time. Political, policy and financial support to implement appropriate ecosystem-specific monitoring is a perennial problem. We suggest that the value of ecological monitoring will be demonstrable, when plot-based monitoring data make a unique and crucial contribution to Australia's ability to produce environmental accounts, environmental reports (e.g. the State of the Environment, State of the Forests) and to fulfilling reporting obligations under international agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity. This paper suggests what must be done to meet Australia's ecological information needs by 2050.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-224
    Number of pages12
    JournalAustral Ecology
    Volume40
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    ecosystems
    monitoring
    ecosystem
    international agreements
    international agreement
    economic factors
    state forests
    ecological value
    economics
    funding
    trajectories
    trajectory
    biodiversity

    Cite this

    Lindenmayer, D., Burns, E., Tennant, P., Dickman, C., Green, P., Keith, D. A., ... Vardon, M. (2015). Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions. Austral Ecology, 40(3), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12207
    Lindenmayer, David ; Burns, Emma ; Tennant, Phillip ; Dickman, Chris ; Green, Peter ; Keith, David A. ; Metcalfe, Daniel ; Russell-Smith, Jeremy ; Wardle, Glenda ; Williams, Dick ; Bossard, Karl ; deLacey, Claire ; Hanigan, Ivan ; Bull, C ; Gillespie, Graeme ; Hobbs, Richard ; Krebs, Charles ; Likens, Gene ; Porter, John ; Vardon, Michael. / Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions. In: Austral Ecology. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 213-224.
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    abstract = "In 2050, which aspects of ecosystem change will we regret not having measured? Long-term monitoring plays a crucial part in managing Australia's natural environment because time is a key factor underpinning changes in ecosystems. It is critical to start measuring key attributes of ecosystems - and the human and natural process affecting them - now, so that we can track the trajectory of change over time. This will facilitate informed choices about how to manage ecological changes (including interventions where they are required) and promote better understanding by 2050 of how particular ecosystems have been shaped over time. There will be considerable value in building on existing long-term monitoring programmes because this can add significantly to the temporal depth of information. The economic and social processes driving change in ecosystems are not identical in all ecosystems, so much of what is monitored (and the means by which it is monitored) will most likely target specific ecosystems or groups of ecosystems. To best understand the effects of ecosystem-specific threats and drivers, monitoring also will need to address the economic and social factors underpinning ecosystem-specific change. Therefore, robust assessments of the state of Australia's environment will be best achieved by reporting on the ecological performance of a representative sample of ecosystems over time. Political, policy and financial support to implement appropriate ecosystem-specific monitoring is a perennial problem. We suggest that the value of ecological monitoring will be demonstrable, when plot-based monitoring data make a unique and crucial contribution to Australia's ability to produce environmental accounts, environmental reports (e.g. the State of the Environment, State of the Forests) and to fulfilling reporting obligations under international agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity. This paper suggests what must be done to meet Australia's ecological information needs by 2050.",
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    Lindenmayer, D, Burns, E, Tennant, P, Dickman, C, Green, P, Keith, DA, Metcalfe, D, Russell-Smith, J, Wardle, G, Williams, D, Bossard, K, deLacey, C, Hanigan, I, Bull, C, Gillespie, G, Hobbs, R, Krebs, C, Likens, G, Porter, J & Vardon, M 2015, 'Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions', Austral Ecology, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12207

    Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions. / Lindenmayer, David; Burns, Emma; Tennant, Phillip; Dickman, Chris; Green, Peter; Keith, David A.; Metcalfe, Daniel; Russell-Smith, Jeremy; Wardle, Glenda; Williams, Dick; Bossard, Karl; deLacey, Claire; Hanigan, Ivan; Bull, C; Gillespie, Graeme; Hobbs, Richard; Krebs, Charles; Likens, Gene; Porter, John; Vardon, Michael.

    In: Austral Ecology, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2015, p. 213-224.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Williams, Dick

    AU - Bossard, Karl

    AU - deLacey, Claire

    AU - Hanigan, Ivan

    AU - Bull, C

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    Lindenmayer D, Burns E, Tennant P, Dickman C, Green P, Keith DA et al. Contemplating the future: Acting now on long-term monitoring to answer 2050's questions. Austral Ecology. 2015;40(3):213-224. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12207