Control of the European rabbit in central Spain

Carlos Antonio Ríos-Saldaña, Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Francisca Castro, Emilia Martínez, Juan Mario Vargas, Brian Cooke, Rafael Villafuerte

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The European rabbit is a growing problem for agriculture in parts of its natural range. In this study, our aim was to use historical records over two periods within the last 50 years to analyze trends in the number of requests made for rabbit control in Central Spain. We gathered data on rabbit control applications made in 1967 from Rabbit and Hare Control Authorization Records (CARs) and corresponding information for 2005 from Technical Hunting Plans (THPs). THPs are currently the official mechanism to apply for rabbit control licenses in the country. We show that although only 4.2 % of municipalities requested to control rabbits in 1967, this proportion was 71 % in 2005. Given that there is no evidence of rabbit population increases in the study region, we suggest that other factors may explain the observed rise in control requests. We contend that sport hunting is the main reason for the higher numbers of control requests in 2005. Evidence for this is the fact that hunting has increased since the 1960s as a means of augmenting income for landowners, and that the most requested method for control was the shotgun. Based on these results, we recommend that in order to adequately assess the real negative impacts of rabbits on human interests in Spain there is a need to implement a more robust data-gathering mechanism when control requests are made. We suggest the development of a more detailed control application form, similar to that used in Spain in the 1960s, in which the reason(s) for a rabbit control request can be clearly described.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)573-580
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
    Volume59
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    hunting
    rabbits
    Spain
    historical record
    landowner
    sport
    income
    sport hunting
    agriculture
    hares
    landowners
    control methods
    population growth
    plan

    Cite this

    Ríos-Saldaña, C. A., Delibes-Mateos, M., Castro, F., Martínez, E., Vargas, J. M., Cooke, B., & Villafuerte, R. (2013). Control of the European rabbit in central Spain. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 59(4), 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-013-0707-x
    Ríos-Saldaña, Carlos Antonio ; Delibes-Mateos, Miguel ; Castro, Francisca ; Martínez, Emilia ; Vargas, Juan Mario ; Cooke, Brian ; Villafuerte, Rafael. / Control of the European rabbit in central Spain. In: European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2013 ; Vol. 59, No. 4. pp. 573-580.
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    abstract = "The European rabbit is a growing problem for agriculture in parts of its natural range. In this study, our aim was to use historical records over two periods within the last 50 years to analyze trends in the number of requests made for rabbit control in Central Spain. We gathered data on rabbit control applications made in 1967 from Rabbit and Hare Control Authorization Records (CARs) and corresponding information for 2005 from Technical Hunting Plans (THPs). THPs are currently the official mechanism to apply for rabbit control licenses in the country. We show that although only 4.2 {\%} of municipalities requested to control rabbits in 1967, this proportion was 71 {\%} in 2005. Given that there is no evidence of rabbit population increases in the study region, we suggest that other factors may explain the observed rise in control requests. We contend that sport hunting is the main reason for the higher numbers of control requests in 2005. Evidence for this is the fact that hunting has increased since the 1960s as a means of augmenting income for landowners, and that the most requested method for control was the shotgun. Based on these results, we recommend that in order to adequately assess the real negative impacts of rabbits on human interests in Spain there is a need to implement a more robust data-gathering mechanism when control requests are made. We suggest the development of a more detailed control application form, similar to that used in Spain in the 1960s, in which the reason(s) for a rabbit control request can be clearly described.",
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    Ríos-Saldaña, CA, Delibes-Mateos, M, Castro, F, Martínez, E, Vargas, JM, Cooke, B & Villafuerte, R 2013, 'Control of the European rabbit in central Spain', European Journal of Wildlife Research, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 573-580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-013-0707-x

    Control of the European rabbit in central Spain. / Ríos-Saldaña, Carlos Antonio; Delibes-Mateos, Miguel; Castro, Francisca; Martínez, Emilia; Vargas, Juan Mario; Cooke, Brian; Villafuerte, Rafael.

    In: European Journal of Wildlife Research, Vol. 59, No. 4, 2013, p. 573-580.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Control of the European rabbit in central Spain

    AU - Ríos-Saldaña, Carlos Antonio

    AU - Delibes-Mateos, Miguel

    AU - Castro, Francisca

    AU - Martínez, Emilia

    AU - Vargas, Juan Mario

    AU - Cooke, Brian

    AU - Villafuerte, Rafael

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - The European rabbit is a growing problem for agriculture in parts of its natural range. In this study, our aim was to use historical records over two periods within the last 50 years to analyze trends in the number of requests made for rabbit control in Central Spain. We gathered data on rabbit control applications made in 1967 from Rabbit and Hare Control Authorization Records (CARs) and corresponding information for 2005 from Technical Hunting Plans (THPs). THPs are currently the official mechanism to apply for rabbit control licenses in the country. We show that although only 4.2 % of municipalities requested to control rabbits in 1967, this proportion was 71 % in 2005. Given that there is no evidence of rabbit population increases in the study region, we suggest that other factors may explain the observed rise in control requests. We contend that sport hunting is the main reason for the higher numbers of control requests in 2005. Evidence for this is the fact that hunting has increased since the 1960s as a means of augmenting income for landowners, and that the most requested method for control was the shotgun. Based on these results, we recommend that in order to adequately assess the real negative impacts of rabbits on human interests in Spain there is a need to implement a more robust data-gathering mechanism when control requests are made. We suggest the development of a more detailed control application form, similar to that used in Spain in the 1960s, in which the reason(s) for a rabbit control request can be clearly described.

    AB - The European rabbit is a growing problem for agriculture in parts of its natural range. In this study, our aim was to use historical records over two periods within the last 50 years to analyze trends in the number of requests made for rabbit control in Central Spain. We gathered data on rabbit control applications made in 1967 from Rabbit and Hare Control Authorization Records (CARs) and corresponding information for 2005 from Technical Hunting Plans (THPs). THPs are currently the official mechanism to apply for rabbit control licenses in the country. We show that although only 4.2 % of municipalities requested to control rabbits in 1967, this proportion was 71 % in 2005. Given that there is no evidence of rabbit population increases in the study region, we suggest that other factors may explain the observed rise in control requests. We contend that sport hunting is the main reason for the higher numbers of control requests in 2005. Evidence for this is the fact that hunting has increased since the 1960s as a means of augmenting income for landowners, and that the most requested method for control was the shotgun. Based on these results, we recommend that in order to adequately assess the real negative impacts of rabbits on human interests in Spain there is a need to implement a more robust data-gathering mechanism when control requests are made. We suggest the development of a more detailed control application form, similar to that used in Spain in the 1960s, in which the reason(s) for a rabbit control request can be clearly described.

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    KW - Keystone species

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    DO - 10.1007/s10344-013-0707-x

    M3 - Article

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    SN - 0044-2887

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    Ríos-Saldaña CA, Delibes-Mateos M, Castro F, Martínez E, Vargas JM, Cooke B et al. Control of the European rabbit in central Spain. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2013;59(4):573-580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-013-0707-x