Correlation of myocardial strain by CMR-feature tracking with substrate abnormalities detected by electro-anatomical mapping in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy

Deep Chandh Raja, Indira Samarawickrema, Jaganaathan Raman Srinivasan, Sarat Krishna Menon, Souvik Kumar Das, Sanjiv Jain, Lukah Q. Tuan, Benoit Desjardins, Francis E. Marchlinski, Walter P. Abhayaratna, Prashanthan Sanders, Rajeev K. Pathak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) detected by cardiac MRI (CMR) has low correlation with low voltage zones (LVZs) detected by electroanatomical mapping (EAM). We aim to study correlation of myocardial strain by CMR- Feature Tracking (FT) alongside LGE with LVZs detected by EAM. Methods: Nineteen consecutive CMRs of patients with EAM were analyzed offline by CMR-FT. Peak value of circumferential strain (CS), longitudinal strain (LS), and LGE was measured in each segment of the left ventricle (17-segment model). The percentage of myocardial segments with CS and LS > −17% was determined. Percentage area of LGE-scar was calculated. Global and segment–wise bipolar and unipolar voltage was collected. Percentage area of bipolar LVZ (<1.5 mV) and unipolar LVZ (<8.3 mV) was calculated. Results: Mean age was 62±11 years. Mean LVEF was 37±13%. Mean global CS was −11.8±5%. Mean global LS was −11.2±4%. LGE-scar was noted in 74% of the patients. Mean percentage area of LGE-scar was 5%. There was significant correlation between percentage abnormality detected by LS with percentage bipolar LVZ (r = +0.5, p = 0.03) and combined percentage CS+LS abnormality with percentage unipolar LVZ (r = +0.5, p = 0.02). Per-unit increase in CS increased the percentage area of unipolar LVZ by 2.09 (p = 0.07) and per-unit increase in LS increased the percentage area of unipolar LVZ by 2.49 (p = 0.06). The concordance rates between CS and LS to localize segments with bipolar/unipolar LVZ were 79% and 95% compared to 63% with LGE. Conclusions: Myocardial strain detected by CMR-FT has a better correlation with electrical low voltage zones than the conventional LGE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2023

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