Cradle to Cradle

Juan Diaz-Granados

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


Unlike the “cradle to grave” linear material flow, the term “cradle to cradle” (C2C) is used to explain an alternative approach that “waste” produced by industrial manufacturing processes can be used in a new manufacturing cycle without degrading or downcycling the materials used in the process but rather improving the whole cycle. As a result, there is no such thing as “waste” under “cradle to cradle” flow. It is a more efficient process from an economic, environmental, and social perspective. One of the critical steps suggested for the implementation of the C2C approach is creating an inventory of materials used to produce a product and categorizing these materials into (1) an “X list,” which includes the most known harmful substances that must be discontinued and replaced; (2) a “gray list,” which refers to substances that, although problematic, are not harmful enough to be included...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sustainable Management
EditorsS Idowu, R Schmidpeter, N Capaldi, L Zu, M Del Baldo, R Abreu
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9783030020064
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


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