Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People

An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis

the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators, Chris Riddoch, Ken Judge, Pippa Griew, Lars Bo Andersen, Sigmund Anderssen, Andrew J. Atkin, Greet Cardon, Rachel DAVEY, Dale Esliger, Pedro Hallal, Kathleen F. Janz, Susi Kriemler, Niels Møller, Kate Northstone, Russell Pate, Jardena Puder, John Reilly, Jo Salmon, Luis Sardinha & 3 others Lauren Sherar, Anna Timperio, Esther M.F. van Sluijs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: Sedentary time and time spent in various intensity-specific physical activity are co-dependent, and increasing time spent in one behaviour requires decreased time in another. Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the theoretical associations with reallocating time between categories of intensities and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large and heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents. Methods: We analysed pooled data from 13 studies comprising 18,200 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years from the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Waist-mounted accelerometers measured sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Cardiometabolic risk factors included waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C and LDL-C), triglycerides, insulin, and glucose. Associations of reallocating time between the various intensity categories with cardiometabolic risk factors were explored using isotemporal substitution modelling. Results: Replacing 10 min of sedentary time with 10 min of MVPA showed favourable associations with WC, SBP, LDL-C, insulin, triglycerides, and glucose; the greatest magnitude was observed for insulin (reduction of 2–4%), WC (reduction of 0.5–1%), and triglycerides (1–2%). In addition, replacing 10 min of sedentary time with an equal amount of LPA showed beneficial associations with WC, although only in adolescents. Conclusions: Replacing sedentary time and/or LPA with MVPA in children and adolescents is favourably associated with most markers of cardiometabolic risk. Efforts aimed at replacing sedentary time with active behaviours, particularly those of at least moderate intensity, appear to be an effective strategy to reduce cardiometabolic risk in young people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2401-2412
Number of pages12
JournalSports Medicine
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Accelerometry
Databases
Exercise
Waist Circumference
Blood Pressure
Insulin
Light
Triglycerides
Glucose
LDL Cholesterol
Fasting

Cite this

the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators, Riddoch, C., Judge, K., Griew, P., Andersen, L. B., Anderssen, S., ... van Sluijs, E. M. F. (2018). Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People: An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis. Sports Medicine, 48(10), 2401-2412. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0909-1
the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators ; Riddoch, Chris ; Judge, Ken ; Griew, Pippa ; Andersen, Lars Bo ; Anderssen, Sigmund ; Atkin, Andrew J. ; Cardon, Greet ; DAVEY, Rachel ; Esliger, Dale ; Hallal, Pedro ; Janz, Kathleen F. ; Kriemler, Susi ; Møller, Niels ; Northstone, Kate ; Pate, Russell ; Puder, Jardena ; Reilly, John ; Salmon, Jo ; Sardinha, Luis ; Sherar, Lauren ; Timperio, Anna ; van Sluijs, Esther M.F. / Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People : An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis. In: Sports Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 48, No. 10. pp. 2401-2412.
@article{b93d0829a4374b3f876dfbc6cc6468d9,
title = "Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People: An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis",
abstract = "Introduction: Sedentary time and time spent in various intensity-specific physical activity are co-dependent, and increasing time spent in one behaviour requires decreased time in another. Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the theoretical associations with reallocating time between categories of intensities and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large and heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents. Methods: We analysed pooled data from 13 studies comprising 18,200 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years from the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Waist-mounted accelerometers measured sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Cardiometabolic risk factors included waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C and LDL-C), triglycerides, insulin, and glucose. Associations of reallocating time between the various intensity categories with cardiometabolic risk factors were explored using isotemporal substitution modelling. Results: Replacing 10 min of sedentary time with 10 min of MVPA showed favourable associations with WC, SBP, LDL-C, insulin, triglycerides, and glucose; the greatest magnitude was observed for insulin (reduction of 2–4{\%}), WC (reduction of 0.5–1{\%}), and triglycerides (1–2{\%}). In addition, replacing 10 min of sedentary time with an equal amount of LPA showed beneficial associations with WC, although only in adolescents. Conclusions: Replacing sedentary time and/or LPA with MVPA in children and adolescents is favourably associated with most markers of cardiometabolic risk. Efforts aimed at replacing sedentary time with active behaviours, particularly those of at least moderate intensity, appear to be an effective strategy to reduce cardiometabolic risk in young people.",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Adolescent, Biomarkers/blood, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Sedentary Behavior, Time Factors, Waist Circumference",
author = "{the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators} and Hansen, {Bj{\o}rge Herman} and Anderssen, {Sigmund Alfred} and Andersen, {Lars B.} and Maria Hildebrand and Elin Kolle and Jostein Steene-Johannessen and Susi Kriemler and Puder, {Jardena J.} and Sherar, {Lauren B.} and Reilly, {John J.} and Sardinha, {Luis B.} and {van Sluijs}, {Esther M.F.} and Niels Wedderkopp and Ulf Ekelund and Chris Riddoch and Ken Judge and Pippa Griew and Andersen, {Lars Bo} and Sigmund Anderssen and Atkin, {Andrew J.} and Greet Cardon and Rachel DAVEY and Dale Esliger and Pedro Hallal and Janz, {Kathleen F.} and Susi Kriemler and Niels M{\o}ller and Kate Northstone and Russell Pate and Jardena Puder and John Reilly and Jo Salmon and Luis Sardinha and Lauren Sherar and Anna Timperio and {van Sluijs}, {Esther M.F.}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40279-018-0909-1",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "2401--2412",
journal = "Sports Medicine",
issn = "0112-1642",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "10",

}

the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators, Riddoch, C, Judge, K, Griew, P, Andersen, LB, Anderssen, S, Atkin, AJ, Cardon, G, DAVEY, R, Esliger, D, Hallal, P, Janz, KF, Kriemler, S, Møller, N, Northstone, K, Pate, R, Puder, J, Reilly, J, Salmon, J, Sardinha, L, Sherar, L, Timperio, A & van Sluijs, EMF 2018, 'Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People: An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis', Sports Medicine, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 2401-2412. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0909-1

Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People : An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis. / the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators; Riddoch, Chris; Judge, Ken ; Griew, Pippa ; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund; Atkin, Andrew J.; Cardon, Greet; DAVEY, Rachel; Esliger, Dale; Hallal, Pedro; Janz, Kathleen F.; Kriemler, Susi; Møller, Niels; Northstone, Kate; Pate, Russell; Puder, Jardena; Reilly, John; Salmon, Jo; Sardinha, Luis; Sherar, Lauren; Timperio, Anna; van Sluijs, Esther M.F.

In: Sports Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 2401-2412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cross-Sectional Associations of Reallocating Time Between Sedentary and Active Behaviours on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Young People

T2 - An International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Analysis

AU - the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators

AU - Hansen, Bjørge Herman

AU - Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred

AU - Andersen, Lars B.

AU - Hildebrand, Maria

AU - Kolle, Elin

AU - Steene-Johannessen, Jostein

AU - Kriemler, Susi

AU - Puder, Jardena J.

AU - Sherar, Lauren B.

AU - Reilly, John J.

AU - Sardinha, Luis B.

AU - van Sluijs, Esther M.F.

AU - Wedderkopp, Niels

AU - Ekelund, Ulf

AU - Riddoch, Chris

AU - Judge, Ken

AU - Griew, Pippa

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Anderssen, Sigmund

AU - Atkin, Andrew J.

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - DAVEY, Rachel

AU - Esliger, Dale

AU - Hallal, Pedro

AU - Janz, Kathleen F.

AU - Kriemler, Susi

AU - Møller, Niels

AU - Northstone, Kate

AU - Pate, Russell

AU - Puder, Jardena

AU - Reilly, John

AU - Salmon, Jo

AU - Sardinha, Luis

AU - Sherar, Lauren

AU - Timperio, Anna

AU - van Sluijs, Esther M.F.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Introduction: Sedentary time and time spent in various intensity-specific physical activity are co-dependent, and increasing time spent in one behaviour requires decreased time in another. Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the theoretical associations with reallocating time between categories of intensities and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large and heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents. Methods: We analysed pooled data from 13 studies comprising 18,200 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years from the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Waist-mounted accelerometers measured sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Cardiometabolic risk factors included waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C and LDL-C), triglycerides, insulin, and glucose. Associations of reallocating time between the various intensity categories with cardiometabolic risk factors were explored using isotemporal substitution modelling. Results: Replacing 10 min of sedentary time with 10 min of MVPA showed favourable associations with WC, SBP, LDL-C, insulin, triglycerides, and glucose; the greatest magnitude was observed for insulin (reduction of 2–4%), WC (reduction of 0.5–1%), and triglycerides (1–2%). In addition, replacing 10 min of sedentary time with an equal amount of LPA showed beneficial associations with WC, although only in adolescents. Conclusions: Replacing sedentary time and/or LPA with MVPA in children and adolescents is favourably associated with most markers of cardiometabolic risk. Efforts aimed at replacing sedentary time with active behaviours, particularly those of at least moderate intensity, appear to be an effective strategy to reduce cardiometabolic risk in young people.

AB - Introduction: Sedentary time and time spent in various intensity-specific physical activity are co-dependent, and increasing time spent in one behaviour requires decreased time in another. Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the theoretical associations with reallocating time between categories of intensities and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large and heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents. Methods: We analysed pooled data from 13 studies comprising 18,200 children and adolescents aged 4–18 years from the International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Waist-mounted accelerometers measured sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Cardiometabolic risk factors included waist circumference (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C and LDL-C), triglycerides, insulin, and glucose. Associations of reallocating time between the various intensity categories with cardiometabolic risk factors were explored using isotemporal substitution modelling. Results: Replacing 10 min of sedentary time with 10 min of MVPA showed favourable associations with WC, SBP, LDL-C, insulin, triglycerides, and glucose; the greatest magnitude was observed for insulin (reduction of 2–4%), WC (reduction of 0.5–1%), and triglycerides (1–2%). In addition, replacing 10 min of sedentary time with an equal amount of LPA showed beneficial associations with WC, although only in adolescents. Conclusions: Replacing sedentary time and/or LPA with MVPA in children and adolescents is favourably associated with most markers of cardiometabolic risk. Efforts aimed at replacing sedentary time with active behaviours, particularly those of at least moderate intensity, appear to be an effective strategy to reduce cardiometabolic risk in young people.

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Adolescent

KW - Biomarkers/blood

KW - Blood Pressure

KW - Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control

KW - Child

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Sedentary Behavior

KW - Time Factors

KW - Waist Circumference

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045029538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/crosssectional-associations-reallocating-time-between-sedentary-active-behaviours-cardiometabolic-ri-2

U2 - 10.1007/s40279-018-0909-1

DO - 10.1007/s40279-018-0909-1

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 2401

EP - 2412

JO - Sports Medicine

JF - Sports Medicine

SN - 0112-1642

IS - 10

ER -