CXCR4/SDF1 interaction inhibits the primordial to primary follicle transition in the neonatal mouse ovary

Janet E. Holt, Andrew Jackson, Shaun D. Roman, R. John Aitken, Peter Koopman, Eileen A. McLaughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


The molecular mechanisms behind the entry of the primordial follicle into the growing follicle pool remain poorly understood. To investigate this process further, a microarray-based comparison was undertaken between 2-day postpartum mouse ovaries consisting of primordial follicles/naked oocytes only and those with both primordial follicles and newly activated follicles (7-day postpartum). Gene candidates identified included the chemoattractive cytokine stromal derived factor-1 (SDF1) and its receptor CXCR4. SDF1 and CXCR4 have been implicated in a variety of physiological processes including the migration of embryonic germ cells to the gonads. SDF1-α expression increased with the developmental stage of the follicle. Embryonic expression was found to be dichotomous post-germ cell migration, with low expression in the female. Immunohistochemical studies nonetheless indicate that the autocrine pattern of expression ligand and receptor begins during embryonic life. Addition of recombinant SDF1-α to neonatal mouse ovaries in vitro resulted in significantly higher follicle densities than for control ovaries. TUNEL analysis indicated no detectable difference in populations of apoptotic cells of treated or control ovaries. Treated ovaries also contained a significantly lower percentage of activated follicles as determined by measurement of oocyte diameter and morphological analysis. Treatment of cultured ovaries with an inhibitor of SDF1-α, AMD3100, ablated the effect of SDF1-α. By retaining follicles in an unactivated state, SDF1/CXCR4 signaling may play an important role in maintaining the size and longevity of the primordial follicle pool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-460
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2006
Externally publishedYes


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