INTRODUCTION This chapter is an attempt to write the eight-year history of Australia's first debt-for-development exchange. This is a story not just about the benevolence of Australia, sacrificing money owed to it in order to assist poor Indonesian children suffering from tuberculosis. It is also a story about the consequences of rich-country policies that are designed to make their exporters competitive in a global marketplace, for these export finance policies and the debt accumulation of less developed countries are inherently linked. The relationship between a competitive trade policy and the accumulation of debt runs as a constant theme throughout this contribution. The chapter is written from a perspective that is critical of what may be called the ‘debt-dependent development model’. This is not the simplistic belief that debt is always bad: many countries, such as Australia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and, more recently, South Korea, have become development success stories, despite borrowing heavily in key periods. Rather, it is the more nuanced position that borrowing to facilitate development should be done selectively and with great caution, lest it lock one into a subordinate relationship to richer countries and financial institutions; and that unless the borrowing regime is a mature democracy (or an extremely enlightened autocracy) with a functioning development model, the borrowing will almost certainly produce more problems than solutions.
|Title of host publication||Debt-for-Development Exchanges|
|Subtitle of host publication||History and New Applications|
|Editors||Ross P. Buckley|
|Place of Publication||United Kingdom|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|