Decomposition of Mediterranean Dietary Pattern on Successful Aging, Among Older Adults

A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies

Alexandra Foscolou, Efi Koloverou, Antonia Leda Matalas, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Christina Chrysohoou, Labros Sidossis, Loukianos Rallidis, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association of Mediterranean food group consumption with successful aging (SA), among people more than 50 years old. Method: Dietary habits, as well as several bio-clinical characteristics of the Greek participants enrolled in the ATTICA (n = 1,128 men and women from Athens metropolitan area) and the MEDIS (n = 2,221 men and women from selected Greek islands) cohort studies were investigated in relation to SA; SA was measured using a validated 10-scale index. Results: Multivariate discriminant food group analysis revealed that legumes consumption, followed by vegetables, cereals, and poultry were associated with higher levels of SA index (explained variability: 7.9%), mainly among islanders, but not among mainland participants. Further analysis revealed that alcohol consumption was positively associated with SA for mainlanders (ATTICA study) but inversely for islanders (MEDIS study; all p’s <.05). Conclusion: The differential and hierarchical effect of various foods on SA and the diet-environmental interaction revealed in the present work may help health professionals to better understand the role of diet on SA, and to prioritize the nutritional needs of older people for better quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1549-1567
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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Epidemiologic Studies
Diet
Food Analysis
Food
Feeding Behavior
Poultry
Islands
Fabaceae
Alcohol Drinking
Vegetables
Cohort Studies
Quality of Life
food
Health
vegetables
alcohol consumption
health professionals
habits
agglomeration area
quality of life

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Foscolou, A., Koloverou, E., Matalas, A. L., Tyrovolas, S., Chrysohoou, C., Sidossis, L., ... Panagiotakos, D. B. (2019). Decomposition of Mediterranean Dietary Pattern on Successful Aging, Among Older Adults: A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies. Journal of Aging and Health, 31(9), 1549-1567. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264318780608
Foscolou, Alexandra ; Koloverou, Efi ; Matalas, Antonia Leda ; Tyrovolas, Stefanos ; Chrysohoou, Christina ; Sidossis, Labros ; Rallidis, Loukianos ; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B. / Decomposition of Mediterranean Dietary Pattern on Successful Aging, Among Older Adults : A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 9. pp. 1549-1567.
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Foscolou, A, Koloverou, E, Matalas, AL, Tyrovolas, S, Chrysohoou, C, Sidossis, L, Rallidis, L & Panagiotakos, DB 2019, 'Decomposition of Mediterranean Dietary Pattern on Successful Aging, Among Older Adults: A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies', Journal of Aging and Health, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1549-1567. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264318780608

Decomposition of Mediterranean Dietary Pattern on Successful Aging, Among Older Adults : A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies. / Foscolou, Alexandra; Koloverou, Efi; Matalas, Antonia Leda; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Chrysohoou, Christina; Sidossis, Labros; Rallidis, Loukianos; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 31, No. 9, 10.2019, p. 1549-1567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - A Combined Analysis of Two Epidemiological Studies

AU - Foscolou, Alexandra

AU - Koloverou, Efi

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AU - Tyrovolas, Stefanos

AU - Chrysohoou, Christina

AU - Sidossis, Labros

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AU - Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.

PY - 2019/10

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N2 - Objective: To investigate the association of Mediterranean food group consumption with successful aging (SA), among people more than 50 years old. Method: Dietary habits, as well as several bio-clinical characteristics of the Greek participants enrolled in the ATTICA (n = 1,128 men and women from Athens metropolitan area) and the MEDIS (n = 2,221 men and women from selected Greek islands) cohort studies were investigated in relation to SA; SA was measured using a validated 10-scale index. Results: Multivariate discriminant food group analysis revealed that legumes consumption, followed by vegetables, cereals, and poultry were associated with higher levels of SA index (explained variability: 7.9%), mainly among islanders, but not among mainland participants. Further analysis revealed that alcohol consumption was positively associated with SA for mainlanders (ATTICA study) but inversely for islanders (MEDIS study; all p’s <.05). Conclusion: The differential and hierarchical effect of various foods on SA and the diet-environmental interaction revealed in the present work may help health professionals to better understand the role of diet on SA, and to prioritize the nutritional needs of older people for better quality of life.

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