Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous learning environments

Outcomes from a cross-case analysis

Matt Bower, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor E. Kennedy, Mark J.W. Lee, Jacqueline Kenney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasingly, universities are using technology to provide students with more flexible modes of participation. This article presents a cross-case analysis of blended synchronous learning environments - contexts where remote students participated in face-to-face classes through the use of rich-media synchronous technologies such as video conferencing, web conferencing, and virtual worlds. The study examined how design and implementation factors influenced student learning activity and perceived learning outcomes, drawing on a synthesis of student, teacher, and researcher observations collected before, during, and after blended synchronous learning lessons. Key findings include the importance of designing for active learning, the need to select and utilise technologies appropriately to meet communicative requirements, varying degrees of co-presence depending on technological and human factors, and heightened cognitive load. Pedagogical, technological, and logistical implications are presented in the form of a Blended Synchronous Learning Design Framework that is grounded in the results of the study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalComputers and Education
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

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