Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance

Andrew MACKENZIE, Leonie PEARSON, Craig Pearson

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    Abstract

    Urban open space provides both social and environmental services that range from ‘private’ to ‘public’ goods. This paper investigates the relationship between urban open space public and private goods and human wellbeing, to identify effective planning and management strategies based on theory and case studies of Ottawa and Canberra. The paper constructs a framework for effective management based on the economic principles of excludability, rivalry and devolved governance. This framework is the basis of an analysis of literature and exploration of unpublished surveys and reports on the gazetting and operation of open space networks in Ottawa and Canberra. Historically, gazetting urban open space provides ‘public’ ecosystem services (i.e. non-excludable and non-rival) however, in operation; these open spaces offer a variety of services ranging from public to private goods. The findings indicate that urban open spaces are most effectively established by government. However in operation, they are more effectively managed collaboratively. By adopting the framework of excludability, rivalry and devolved governance, policy makers can better allocate resources for effective management of urban open space for human wellbeing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationState of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings
    EditorsKristian Ruming, Bill randolf, Nicole Gurran
    Place of PublicationSydney
    PublisherState of Australian Cities Research Network
    Pages1-13
    Number of pages13
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)1740440331
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventState of the Australian Cities Conference 2013 - Sydney, Australia
    Duration: 26 Nov 201330 Nov 2013

    Conference

    ConferenceState of the Australian Cities Conference 2013
    CountryAustralia
    CitySydney
    Period26/11/1330/11/13

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    open space
    space policy
    ecosystem service
    resource
    economics
    public

    Cite this

    MACKENZIE, A., PEARSON, L., & Pearson, C. (2013). Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance. In K. Ruming, B. randolf, & N. Gurran (Eds.), State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings (Vol. 1, pp. 1-13). Sydney: State of Australian Cities Research Network.
    MACKENZIE, Andrew ; PEARSON, Leonie ; Pearson, Craig. / Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance. State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings. editor / Kristian Ruming ; Bill randolf ; Nicole Gurran. Vol. 1 Sydney : State of Australian Cities Research Network, 2013. pp. 1-13
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    title = "Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance",
    abstract = "Urban open space provides both social and environmental services that range from ‘private’ to ‘public’ goods. This paper investigates the relationship between urban open space public and private goods and human wellbeing, to identify effective planning and management strategies based on theory and case studies of Ottawa and Canberra. The paper constructs a framework for effective management based on the economic principles of excludability, rivalry and devolved governance. This framework is the basis of an analysis of literature and exploration of unpublished surveys and reports on the gazetting and operation of open space networks in Ottawa and Canberra. Historically, gazetting urban open space provides ‘public’ ecosystem services (i.e. non-excludable and non-rival) however, in operation; these open spaces offer a variety of services ranging from public to private goods. The findings indicate that urban open spaces are most effectively established by government. However in operation, they are more effectively managed collaboratively. By adopting the framework of excludability, rivalry and devolved governance, policy makers can better allocate resources for effective management of urban open space for human wellbeing.",
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    MACKENZIE, A, PEARSON, L & Pearson, C 2013, Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance. in K Ruming, B randolf & N Gurran (eds), State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings. vol. 1, State of Australian Cities Research Network, Sydney, pp. 1-13, State of the Australian Cities Conference 2013, Sydney, Australia, 26/11/13.

    Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance. / MACKENZIE, Andrew; PEARSON, Leonie; Pearson, Craig.

    State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings. ed. / Kristian Ruming; Bill randolf; Nicole Gurran. Vol. 1 Sydney : State of Australian Cities Research Network, 2013. p. 1-13.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    MACKENZIE A, PEARSON L, Pearson C. Developing Effective Urban Open Space Policies Using Excludability, Rivalry and Devolved Governance. In Ruming K, randolf B, Gurran N, editors, State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings. Vol. 1. Sydney: State of Australian Cities Research Network. 2013. p. 1-13