Developing refractive management recommendations for patients undergoing cataract surgery: A Delphi study

Emily Charlesworth, Paul Ursell, Kam Chun Ho, Lisa Keay, David B. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Currently, there are no UK optometric guidelines regarding the pre and postoperative refractive management of patients undergoing cataract surgery. This study used a Delphi method to gain consensus on best practice. Methods: Eighteen recommendations targeted areas of concern/variability in advice that were highlighted in an earlier focus group study of refractive management for patients who had received cataract surgery. These covered three topics: preoperative target refraction discussions, postoperative refractive management and driving advice postoperatively. The recommendations were then developed using evidence from optometry and ophthalmology clinical expertise and the research literature. Eighteen recommendations underwent a process of agreement and modification using a Delphi study consisting of a panel of 22 highly experienced optometrists (N = 11, 25 years mean clinical experience) and ophthalmologists (N = 11, 17 years mean clinical experience) who rated and commented upon the importance and feasibility of each recommendation. The responses were considered by the research team and the recommendations modified and/or removed prior to a second Delphi round of responses to a modified series of recommendations. Consensus of opinion was defined as greater than 80% of panellists ‘agreed’ or ‘strongly agreed’ on the recommendation for both importance and feasibility. Results: Fourteen of the 18 recommendations reached consensus in the first round. A second round of the Delphi method saw 17 modified recommendations scored and commented upon by 20 clinicians. Fifteen recommendations reached consensus after two rounds of the Delphi method. Conclusions: Recommendations to guide the pre and postoperative refractive management of patients undergoing cataract surgery were agreed between highly experienced optometrists and ophthalmologists using a 2-round Delphi method. Patients would benefit from consistent target refraction discussions, postoperative refractive management and driving advice, and recommendations were of particular benefit to less experienced optometrists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-159
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmic and Physiological Optics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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