Development of the Valuing Questionnaire (VQ)

Matthew F Smout, Matthew H. Davies, Nicholas R Burns, Alison M. Christie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

236 Citations (Scopus)


Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) aims to facilitate valued living; however, there are few well-validated questionnaires to assess this. Valuing Questionnaire (VQ) items were generated from ACT texts and rated as representative and face-valid by ACT authors. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a 2-factor solution (Factor 1 = Progress (in valued living); Factor 2=Obstruction (to valued living)) in undergraduate university (N = 630) and clinical adult (N = 285) samples. Concurrent validity was measured with the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Ryff's Psychological Scales of Wellbeing (PSWB), the Valued Living Questionnaire (VLQ), the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II), the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Positive and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS) and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS). The pattern of relationships with validation measures was predominantly as expected. The VQ should provide ACT researchers and clinicians a convenient, reliable, and valid alternative to symptom measures consistent with ACT theory and useful for evaluating ACT interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-172
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


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