Dietary patterns and their association with anxiety symptoms among older adults: The ATTICA study

Maria F. Masana, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Natasa Kolia, Christina Chrysohoou, John Skoumas, Josep Maria Haro, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

By 2050, the global population aged 60 years and over is expected to reach nearly 2.1 billion and affective disorders might be also expected to increase. Although nutrition has been related with affective disorders, there is a lack of studies assessing the relation between dietary habits and anxiety among European and Mediterranean older populations. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the association between dietary habits, energy intake, and anxiety symptoms using data from 1128 Greek older adults (>50 years) without pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or any other chronic disease who participated in the ATTICA study. Various socio demographic lifestyle, bio-clinical (e.g., blood pressure), and psychological (e.g., depression) characteristics were used, and dietary habits as well as energy intake were calculated using standard procedures. Older people with anxiety were more likely to be sedentary, to be smokers, and to show symptoms of depression. The saturated fat and added sugars (SFAS) dietary pattern was associated with higher anxiety levels (non-standardized b (95% CI): 5.82 (0.03 to 11.61)). No association between energy intake tertiles and anxiety levels pictured in the later regression model. Moreover, female gender, family status, and depression were positively related to anxiety. Therefore, promoting healthy dietary habits could reduce anxiety symptoms of the older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1250
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

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