Distribution and Prevalence of the Australian Non-Pathogenic Rabbit Calicivirus Is Correlated with Rainfall and Temperature

June Liu, Damien A. Fordham, Brian Cooke, Tarnya Cox, Greg Mutze, Tanja Strive

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Background: Australia relies heavily on rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) for the biological control of introduced European wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus, which are significant economic and environmental pests. An endemic non-pathogenic rabbit calicivirus termed RCV¿A1 also occurs in wild rabbits in Australian and provides partial protection against lethal RHDV infection, thus interfering with effective rabbit control. Despite its obvious importance for rabbit population management, little is known about the epidemiology of this benign rabbit calicivirus. Methods: We determined the continent-wide distribution and prevalence of RCV-A1 by analysing 1,805 serum samples from wild rabbit populations at 78 sites across Australia for the presence of antibodies to RCV-A1 using a serological test that specifically detects RCV-A1 antibodies and does not cross-react with co-occurring RHDV antibodies. We also investigated possible correlation between climate variables and prevalence of RCV-A1 by using generalised linear mixed effect models.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages15
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume9
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
    Viruses
    Rain
    rabbits
    Rabbits
    rain
    Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus
    Temperature
    Antibodies
    Epidemiology
    temperature
    antibodies
    Oryctolagus cuniculus
    immunologic techniques
    Economics
    epidemiology
    biological control
    pests
    Serologic Tests
    Virus Diseases

    Cite this

    Liu, June ; Fordham, Damien A. ; Cooke, Brian ; Cox, Tarnya ; Mutze, Greg ; Strive, Tanja. / Distribution and Prevalence of the Australian Non-Pathogenic Rabbit Calicivirus Is Correlated with Rainfall and Temperature. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 12. pp. 1-15.
    @article{85a61980229f45ae89dc7befa44fc958,
    title = "Distribution and Prevalence of the Australian Non-Pathogenic Rabbit Calicivirus Is Correlated with Rainfall and Temperature",
    abstract = "Background: Australia relies heavily on rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) for the biological control of introduced European wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus, which are significant economic and environmental pests. An endemic non-pathogenic rabbit calicivirus termed RCV¿A1 also occurs in wild rabbits in Australian and provides partial protection against lethal RHDV infection, thus interfering with effective rabbit control. Despite its obvious importance for rabbit population management, little is known about the epidemiology of this benign rabbit calicivirus. Methods: We determined the continent-wide distribution and prevalence of RCV-A1 by analysing 1,805 serum samples from wild rabbit populations at 78 sites across Australia for the presence of antibodies to RCV-A1 using a serological test that specifically detects RCV-A1 antibodies and does not cross-react with co-occurring RHDV antibodies. We also investigated possible correlation between climate variables and prevalence of RCV-A1 by using generalised linear mixed effect models.",
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    Distribution and Prevalence of the Australian Non-Pathogenic Rabbit Calicivirus Is Correlated with Rainfall and Temperature. / Liu, June; Fordham, Damien A.; Cooke, Brian; Cox, Tarnya; Mutze, Greg; Strive, Tanja.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 12, 2014, p. 1-15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Distribution and Prevalence of the Australian Non-Pathogenic Rabbit Calicivirus Is Correlated with Rainfall and Temperature

    AU - Liu, June

    AU - Fordham, Damien A.

    AU - Cooke, Brian

    AU - Cox, Tarnya

    AU - Mutze, Greg

    AU - Strive, Tanja

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Background: Australia relies heavily on rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) for the biological control of introduced European wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus, which are significant economic and environmental pests. An endemic non-pathogenic rabbit calicivirus termed RCV¿A1 also occurs in wild rabbits in Australian and provides partial protection against lethal RHDV infection, thus interfering with effective rabbit control. Despite its obvious importance for rabbit population management, little is known about the epidemiology of this benign rabbit calicivirus. Methods: We determined the continent-wide distribution and prevalence of RCV-A1 by analysing 1,805 serum samples from wild rabbit populations at 78 sites across Australia for the presence of antibodies to RCV-A1 using a serological test that specifically detects RCV-A1 antibodies and does not cross-react with co-occurring RHDV antibodies. We also investigated possible correlation between climate variables and prevalence of RCV-A1 by using generalised linear mixed effect models.

    AB - Background: Australia relies heavily on rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) for the biological control of introduced European wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus, which are significant economic and environmental pests. An endemic non-pathogenic rabbit calicivirus termed RCV¿A1 also occurs in wild rabbits in Australian and provides partial protection against lethal RHDV infection, thus interfering with effective rabbit control. Despite its obvious importance for rabbit population management, little is known about the epidemiology of this benign rabbit calicivirus. Methods: We determined the continent-wide distribution and prevalence of RCV-A1 by analysing 1,805 serum samples from wild rabbit populations at 78 sites across Australia for the presence of antibodies to RCV-A1 using a serological test that specifically detects RCV-A1 antibodies and does not cross-react with co-occurring RHDV antibodies. We also investigated possible correlation between climate variables and prevalence of RCV-A1 by using generalised linear mixed effect models.

    KW - Australia

    KW - rabbits

    KW - calcivirus infection

    KW - rain

    KW - enzyme-linked immunoassays

    KW - infectuous disease control

    KW - pest control

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