Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study

Ester Cerin, Josef Mitáš, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Marc A. Adams, Grant Schofield, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Jasper Schipperijn, Rachel Davey, Deborah Salvo, Rosario Orzanco-Garralda, Duncan J. MacFarlane, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen, James F. Sallis, Delfien Van Dyck

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    Abstract

    Background: To more accurately quantify the potential impact of the neighbourhood environment on adults' physical activity (PA), it is important to compare environment-PA associations between periods of the day or week when adults are more versus less likely to be in their neighbourhood and utilise its PA resources. We examined whether, among adults from 10 countries, associations between objectively-assessed neighbourhood environment attributes and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) varied by time of the day and day of the week. The secondary aim was to examine whether such associations varied by employment status, gender and city. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 6,712 adults from 14 cities across 10 countries with ≥1 day of valid accelerometer-assessed MVPA and complete information on socio-demographic and objectively-assessed environmental characteristics within 0.5 and 1 km street-network buffers around the home. Accelerometer measures (MVPA min/h) were created for six time periods from early morning until late evening/night, for weekdays and weekend days separately. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. Results: Time of the day, day of week, gender and employment status were significant moderators of environment-MVPA associations. Land use mix was positively associated with MVPA in women who were employed and in men irrespective of their employment status. The positive associations between MVPA and net residential density, intersection density and land use mix were stronger in the mornings of weekdays and the afternoon/evening periods of both weekdays and weekend days. Associations between number of parks and MVPA were stronger in the mornings and afternoon/evenings irrespective of day of the week. Public transport density showed consistent positive associations with MVPA during weekends, while stronger effects on weekdays were observed in the morning and early evenings. Conclusions: This study suggests that space and time constraints in adults' daily activities are important factors that determine the impact of neighbourhood attributes on PA. Consideration of time-specific associations is important to better characterise the magnitude of the effects of the neighbourhood environment on PA. Future research will need to examine the contribution of built environment characteristics of areas surrounding other types of daily life centres (e.g., workplaces) to explaining adults' PA at specific times of the day.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number34
    Pages (from-to)1-16
    Number of pages16
    JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Volume14
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2017

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    Exercise
    Workplace
    Buffers
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Demography

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    Cerin, Ester ; Mitáš, Josef ; Cain, Kelli L. ; Conway, Terry L. ; Adams, Marc A. ; Schofield, Grant ; Sarmiento, Olga L. ; Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Davey, Rachel ; Salvo, Deborah ; Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario ; MacFarlane, Duncan J. ; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse ; Owen, Neville ; Sallis, James F. ; Van Dyck, Delfien. / Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study. In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 1-16.
    @article{ec59c2d5f2864d7ca9979bc7cffae9a6,
    title = "Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study",
    abstract = "Background: To more accurately quantify the potential impact of the neighbourhood environment on adults' physical activity (PA), it is important to compare environment-PA associations between periods of the day or week when adults are more versus less likely to be in their neighbourhood and utilise its PA resources. We examined whether, among adults from 10 countries, associations between objectively-assessed neighbourhood environment attributes and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) varied by time of the day and day of the week. The secondary aim was to examine whether such associations varied by employment status, gender and city. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 6,712 adults from 14 cities across 10 countries with ≥1 day of valid accelerometer-assessed MVPA and complete information on socio-demographic and objectively-assessed environmental characteristics within 0.5 and 1 km street-network buffers around the home. Accelerometer measures (MVPA min/h) were created for six time periods from early morning until late evening/night, for weekdays and weekend days separately. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. Results: Time of the day, day of week, gender and employment status were significant moderators of environment-MVPA associations. Land use mix was positively associated with MVPA in women who were employed and in men irrespective of their employment status. The positive associations between MVPA and net residential density, intersection density and land use mix were stronger in the mornings of weekdays and the afternoon/evening periods of both weekdays and weekend days. Associations between number of parks and MVPA were stronger in the mornings and afternoon/evenings irrespective of day of the week. Public transport density showed consistent positive associations with MVPA during weekends, while stronger effects on weekdays were observed in the morning and early evenings. Conclusions: This study suggests that space and time constraints in adults' daily activities are important factors that determine the impact of neighbourhood attributes on PA. Consideration of time-specific associations is important to better characterise the magnitude of the effects of the neighbourhood environment on PA. Future research will need to examine the contribution of built environment characteristics of areas surrounding other types of daily life centres (e.g., workplaces) to explaining adults' PA at specific times of the day.",
    keywords = "Accelerometry, Built environment, Exercise, Geographic Information Systems, International health, Reproducibility of Results, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cities/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Middle Aged, Accelerometry/statistics & numerical data, Periodicity, Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data, Exercise/physiology, Male, Time, Employment/statistics & numerical data, Young Adult, Adolescent, Sex Distribution, Adult, Female, Aged, Environment Design/statistics & numerical data",
    author = "Ester Cerin and Josef Mit{\'a}š and Cain, {Kelli L.} and Conway, {Terry L.} and Adams, {Marc A.} and Grant Schofield and Sarmiento, {Olga L.} and Reis, {Rodrigo Siqueira} and Jasper Schipperijn and Rachel Davey and Deborah Salvo and Rosario Orzanco-Garralda and MacFarlane, {Duncan J.} and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, Ilse and Neville Owen and Sallis, {James F.} and {Van Dyck}, Delfien",
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    language = "English",
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    Cerin, E, Mitáš, J, Cain, KL, Conway, TL, Adams, MA, Schofield, G, Sarmiento, OL, Reis, RS, Schipperijn, J, Davey, R, Salvo, D, Orzanco-Garralda, R, MacFarlane, DJ, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Owen, N, Sallis, JF & Van Dyck, D 2017, 'Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study', The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 14, no. 1, 34, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0493-z

    Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study. / Cerin, Ester; Mitáš, Josef; Cain, Kelli L.; Conway, Terry L.; Adams, Marc A.; Schofield, Grant; Sarmiento, Olga L.; Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira; Schipperijn, Jasper; Davey, Rachel; Salvo, Deborah; Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario; MacFarlane, Duncan J.; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Owen, Neville; Sallis, James F.; Van Dyck, Delfien.

    In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 14, No. 1, 34, 20.03.2017, p. 1-16.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN adult study

    AU - Cerin, Ester

    AU - Mitáš, Josef

    AU - Cain, Kelli L.

    AU - Conway, Terry L.

    AU - Adams, Marc A.

    AU - Schofield, Grant

    AU - Sarmiento, Olga L.

    AU - Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira

    AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

    AU - Davey, Rachel

    AU - Salvo, Deborah

    AU - Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario

    AU - MacFarlane, Duncan J.

    AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    AU - Owen, Neville

    AU - Sallis, James F.

    AU - Van Dyck, Delfien

    PY - 2017/3/20

    Y1 - 2017/3/20

    N2 - Background: To more accurately quantify the potential impact of the neighbourhood environment on adults' physical activity (PA), it is important to compare environment-PA associations between periods of the day or week when adults are more versus less likely to be in their neighbourhood and utilise its PA resources. We examined whether, among adults from 10 countries, associations between objectively-assessed neighbourhood environment attributes and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) varied by time of the day and day of the week. The secondary aim was to examine whether such associations varied by employment status, gender and city. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 6,712 adults from 14 cities across 10 countries with ≥1 day of valid accelerometer-assessed MVPA and complete information on socio-demographic and objectively-assessed environmental characteristics within 0.5 and 1 km street-network buffers around the home. Accelerometer measures (MVPA min/h) were created for six time periods from early morning until late evening/night, for weekdays and weekend days separately. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. Results: Time of the day, day of week, gender and employment status were significant moderators of environment-MVPA associations. Land use mix was positively associated with MVPA in women who were employed and in men irrespective of their employment status. The positive associations between MVPA and net residential density, intersection density and land use mix were stronger in the mornings of weekdays and the afternoon/evening periods of both weekdays and weekend days. Associations between number of parks and MVPA were stronger in the mornings and afternoon/evenings irrespective of day of the week. Public transport density showed consistent positive associations with MVPA during weekends, while stronger effects on weekdays were observed in the morning and early evenings. Conclusions: This study suggests that space and time constraints in adults' daily activities are important factors that determine the impact of neighbourhood attributes on PA. Consideration of time-specific associations is important to better characterise the magnitude of the effects of the neighbourhood environment on PA. Future research will need to examine the contribution of built environment characteristics of areas surrounding other types of daily life centres (e.g., workplaces) to explaining adults' PA at specific times of the day.

    AB - Background: To more accurately quantify the potential impact of the neighbourhood environment on adults' physical activity (PA), it is important to compare environment-PA associations between periods of the day or week when adults are more versus less likely to be in their neighbourhood and utilise its PA resources. We examined whether, among adults from 10 countries, associations between objectively-assessed neighbourhood environment attributes and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) varied by time of the day and day of the week. The secondary aim was to examine whether such associations varied by employment status, gender and city. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 6,712 adults from 14 cities across 10 countries with ≥1 day of valid accelerometer-assessed MVPA and complete information on socio-demographic and objectively-assessed environmental characteristics within 0.5 and 1 km street-network buffers around the home. Accelerometer measures (MVPA min/h) were created for six time periods from early morning until late evening/night, for weekdays and weekend days separately. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. Results: Time of the day, day of week, gender and employment status were significant moderators of environment-MVPA associations. Land use mix was positively associated with MVPA in women who were employed and in men irrespective of their employment status. The positive associations between MVPA and net residential density, intersection density and land use mix were stronger in the mornings of weekdays and the afternoon/evening periods of both weekdays and weekend days. Associations between number of parks and MVPA were stronger in the mornings and afternoon/evenings irrespective of day of the week. Public transport density showed consistent positive associations with MVPA during weekends, while stronger effects on weekdays were observed in the morning and early evenings. Conclusions: This study suggests that space and time constraints in adults' daily activities are important factors that determine the impact of neighbourhood attributes on PA. Consideration of time-specific associations is important to better characterise the magnitude of the effects of the neighbourhood environment on PA. Future research will need to examine the contribution of built environment characteristics of areas surrounding other types of daily life centres (e.g., workplaces) to explaining adults' PA at specific times of the day.

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    KW - International health

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    KW - Middle Aged

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    KW - Periodicity

    KW - Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data

    KW - Exercise/physiology

    KW - Male

    KW - Time

    KW - Employment/statistics & numerical data

    KW - Young Adult

    KW - Adolescent

    KW - Sex Distribution

    KW - Adult

    KW - Female

    KW - Aged

    KW - Environment Design/statistics & numerical data

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    U2 - 10.1186/s12966-017-0493-z

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    VL - 14

    SP - 1

    EP - 16

    JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

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