Drivers of forests and tree-based systems for food security and nutrition

Daniela Kleinschmit, Bimbika Sijapati Basnett, Adrian Martin, Nitin D. Rai, Carsten Smith-Hall, Neil M. Dawson, Gordon Hickey, Henry Neufeldt, Hemant R. Ojha, Solomon Zena Walelign

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapterpeer-review


In the context of this chapter, drivers are considered to be natural or anthropogenic developments affecting forests and tree-based systems for food security and nutrition. They can improve and contribute to food security and nutrition, but they can also lead to food insecurity and malnutrition. For analytical purposes, drivers are separated here into the following four interconnected categories: (i) environmental, (ii) social, (iii) economic and (iv) governance. When reviewing scientific findings twelve major drivers (i.e. population growth, urbanisation, governance shifts, climate change, commercialisation of agriculture, industrialisation of forest resources, gender imbalances, conflicts, formalisation of tenure rights, rising food prices and increasing per capita income) were identified within these four categories. They affect food security and nutrition through land use and management; through consumption, income and livelihood; or through both. These drivers are interrelated and can have different consequences depending on the social structure; for example, they can support food security for elite groups but can increase the vulnerability of other groups.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForests and food
Subtitle of host publicationAddressing hunger and nutrition across sustainable landscapes
EditorsBhaskar Vira , Christoph Wildburger , Stephanie Mansourian
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherOpen Book Publishers
Number of pages46
ISBN (Electronic)9781783741953
ISBN (Print)9781783741946
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes


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