Dynamics of epigenetic modifiers and environmentally sensitive proteins in a reptile with temperature induced sex reversal

Sarah L. Whiteley, Robert D. McCuaig, Clare E. Holleley, Sudha Rao, Arthur Georges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mechanisms by which sex is determined, and how a sexual phenotype is stably maintained during adulthood, have been the focus of vigorous scientific inquiry. Resources common to the biomedical field (automated staining and imaging platforms) were leveraged to provide the first immunofluorescent data for a reptile species with temperature induced sex reversal. Two four-plex immunofluorescent panels were explored across three sex classes (sex reversed ZZf females, normal ZWf females, and normal ZZm males). One panel was stained for chromatin remodeling genes JARID2 and KDM6B, and methylation marks H3K27me3, and H3K4me3 (Jumonji Panel). The other CaRe panel stained for environmental response genes CIRBP and RelA, and H3K27me3 and H3K4me3. Our study characterized tissue specific expression and cellular localization patterns of these proteins and histone marks, providing new insights to the molecular characteristics of adult gonads in a dragon lizard Pogona vitticeps. The confirmation that mammalian antibodies cross react in P. vitticeps paves the way for experiments that can take advantage of this new immunohistochemical resource to gain a new understanding of the role of these proteins during embryonic development, and most importantly for P. vitticeps, the molecular underpinnings of sex reversal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-144
Number of pages13
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2022

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