Ear Infection and Its Associated Risk Factors, Comorbidity, and Health Service Use in Australian Children

Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Anthony Hogan

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    Abstract

    This study investigates and identifies risk factors, comorbidity, and health service use related to ear infection in Australian children. Two cross-sectional analyses of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) involved 4,983 children aged 4 to 5 years in 2004 and aged 10 to 11 years in 2010. Odds ratios (ORs) were analysed using bivariate logistic regression. The prevalence of parent-reported ear infection was 7.9% (394) among children aged 4 to 5 years and 3.3% (139) at 10 to 11 years. Our study found that risk factors associated with ear infection were indigenous status, not being breastfed, mother or father smoking at least once a day, and father’s school completion at year 9 or lower. By age 10 to 11 years significantly reported comorbidities were tonsillitis (OR 4.67; ð�‘ƒ < 0 . 0 0 1 ), headache (OR 2.13; ð�‘ƒ = 0 . 0 0 6 ), and asthma (OR 1.67; ð�‘ƒ = 0 . 0 0 3 ) and ear infection was found to be associated with the use of pediatrician (OR 1.83; ð�‘ƒ = 0 . 0 3 1 ), other specialist (OR 2.12; ð�‘ƒ < 0 . 0 0 1 ), and early intervention services (OR 3.08; ð�‘ƒ = 0 . 0 1 0 ). This empirical evidence can be used to inform the development of intervention and management programs for ear infection. 
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-8
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Pediatrics
    Volume2013
    Issue number2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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