Ecological and Carbon Footprints: The Future for City Sustainability

Grace Kam Chun Ding, Saeed Banihashemi

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Sustainable development has become a concern for people all over the world. The concept of sustainable development is broad and the concerns and actions help ensure long-term growth and prosperity. The environmental aspects of sustainable development include conservation of natural capital stock and the protection of human and the natural habitat. The ecological footprint is a resource accounting tool that has been developed to identify the amount of the biosphere's regenerative capacity used by humans compared with what is available at both local and global scales. The carbon footprint measures the amount of greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities or accumulated over the life cycle of products. Improving sustainability of cities is important. Therefore, understanding both ecological and carbon footprints will help generate essential information to reduce footprints, identify options for actions, and track progress to ensure resources are available not only for the present generation but also for generations to come.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies
EditorsMartin A. Abraham
Place of PublicationAmsterdam, Netherlands
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128046777
ISBN (Print)9780128047927
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


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