Effectiveness of coping strategies employed by people with chronic epilepsy

Dominic UPTON, Pamela J. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological adjustment to a chronic illness, such as epilepsy, is not merely a function of severity or duration of the disorder. Several psychological factors have been identified as having an influential effect. We report here a study that explores one such variable, namely use of coping strategy. A total of 137 people with intractable epilepsy participated in the study. The duration of the epilepsy ranged from 1 to 51 years with a mean of 18.5 years. Seventy percent were experiencing at least weekly seizures. Coping style was measured using a questionnaire that tapped six different coping strategies. Psychological adjustment was assessed via measures of anxiety, depression, self-esteem, social avoidance, and acceptance of epilepsy. Few significant relationships were observed between seizure-related variables and psychological adjustment. The most consistent finding was between poor emotional adjustment and the coping strategy, 'wish fulfillment.' A relationship between better adjustment and the strategy, 'cognitive restructuring,' was also found. The implications of these results for psychotherapeutic interventions in epilepsy will be considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-127
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Epilepsy
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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