Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer

Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Abstract

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. Methods: Cancer survivors within 24 months post diagnosis, were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise. The low-volume highintensity interval training (LVHIIT) group performed 7 x 30 second intervals (≥ 85% maximal heart rate) and the continuous low to moderate intensity training (CLMIT) group performed continuous aerobic training for 20 minutes (≤ 55% maximal heart rate) on a stationary bike or treadmill. Results: Significant main effects (time) were observed for weight (p = 0.003), hip circumference (p = 0.013), waist circumference (p < 0.001) and quality of life (p < 0.001). Similarly, improvements were observed in mean arterial pressure (p = 0.044), central systolic pressure (p = 0.009), pulse pressure (p = 0.011), augmentation pressure (p = 0.032) central diastolic pressure (p = 0.032). Participants in the LVHIIT showed more pronounced performance improvements in sit to stand (p < 0.01) and the six minute walk test (p = 0.002). Conclusion: These preliminary findings would tend to suggest that both interventions can induce improvements in quality of life, functional capacity and selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although the LVHIIT was well tolerated by the participants it is unclear from our results if that specific modality is superior to the CLMIT intervention. A larger sample size with a control group is required to confirm the significance of these findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-1
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event2016 Sydney Cancer Conference - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 22 Sep 201623 Sep 2016

Conference

Conference2016 Sydney Cancer Conference
Abbreviated titleSCC2016
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period22/09/1623/09/16

Fingerprint

Cardiovascular Diseases
Quality of Life
Exercise
Survivors
Heart Rate
Blood Pressure
Pressure
Neoplasms
Waist Circumference
Sample Size
Hip
Arterial Pressure
Weights and Measures
Control Groups
High-Intensity Interval Training
Walk Test

Cite this

@conference{2c88869de1e441e5aaa79201fbd6f61b,
title = "Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer",
abstract = "Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. Methods: Cancer survivors within 24 months post diagnosis, were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise. The low-volume highintensity interval training (LVHIIT) group performed 7 x 30 second intervals (≥ 85{\%} maximal heart rate) and the continuous low to moderate intensity training (CLMIT) group performed continuous aerobic training for 20 minutes (≤ 55{\%} maximal heart rate) on a stationary bike or treadmill. Results: Significant main effects (time) were observed for weight (p = 0.003), hip circumference (p = 0.013), waist circumference (p < 0.001) and quality of life (p < 0.001). Similarly, improvements were observed in mean arterial pressure (p = 0.044), central systolic pressure (p = 0.009), pulse pressure (p = 0.011), augmentation pressure (p = 0.032) central diastolic pressure (p = 0.032). Participants in the LVHIIT showed more pronounced performance improvements in sit to stand (p < 0.01) and the six minute walk test (p = 0.002). Conclusion: These preliminary findings would tend to suggest that both interventions can induce improvements in quality of life, functional capacity and selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although the LVHIIT was well tolerated by the participants it is unclear from our results if that specific modality is superior to the CLMIT intervention. A larger sample size with a control group is required to confirm the significance of these findings.",
author = "Kellie TOOHEY and Kate PUMPA and Julie COOKE and Stuart SEMPLE",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
pages = "1--1",
note = "2016 Sydney Cancer Conference , SCC2016 ; Conference date: 22-09-2016 Through 23-09-2016",

}

TOOHEY, K, PUMPA, K, COOKE, J & SEMPLE, S 2018, 'Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer' 2016 Sydney Cancer Conference , Sydney, Australia, 22/09/16 - 23/09/16, pp. 1-1.

Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer. / TOOHEY, Kellie; PUMPA, Kate; COOKE, Julie; SEMPLE, Stuart.

2018. 1-1 Abstract from 2016 Sydney Cancer Conference , Sydney, Australia.

Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Abstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer

AU - TOOHEY, Kellie

AU - PUMPA, Kate

AU - COOKE, Julie

AU - SEMPLE, Stuart

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. Methods: Cancer survivors within 24 months post diagnosis, were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise. The low-volume highintensity interval training (LVHIIT) group performed 7 x 30 second intervals (≥ 85% maximal heart rate) and the continuous low to moderate intensity training (CLMIT) group performed continuous aerobic training for 20 minutes (≤ 55% maximal heart rate) on a stationary bike or treadmill. Results: Significant main effects (time) were observed for weight (p = 0.003), hip circumference (p = 0.013), waist circumference (p < 0.001) and quality of life (p < 0.001). Similarly, improvements were observed in mean arterial pressure (p = 0.044), central systolic pressure (p = 0.009), pulse pressure (p = 0.011), augmentation pressure (p = 0.032) central diastolic pressure (p = 0.032). Participants in the LVHIIT showed more pronounced performance improvements in sit to stand (p < 0.01) and the six minute walk test (p = 0.002). Conclusion: These preliminary findings would tend to suggest that both interventions can induce improvements in quality of life, functional capacity and selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although the LVHIIT was well tolerated by the participants it is unclear from our results if that specific modality is superior to the CLMIT intervention. A larger sample size with a control group is required to confirm the significance of these findings.

AB - Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. Methods: Cancer survivors within 24 months post diagnosis, were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise. The low-volume highintensity interval training (LVHIIT) group performed 7 x 30 second intervals (≥ 85% maximal heart rate) and the continuous low to moderate intensity training (CLMIT) group performed continuous aerobic training for 20 minutes (≤ 55% maximal heart rate) on a stationary bike or treadmill. Results: Significant main effects (time) were observed for weight (p = 0.003), hip circumference (p = 0.013), waist circumference (p < 0.001) and quality of life (p < 0.001). Similarly, improvements were observed in mean arterial pressure (p = 0.044), central systolic pressure (p = 0.009), pulse pressure (p = 0.011), augmentation pressure (p = 0.032) central diastolic pressure (p = 0.032). Participants in the LVHIIT showed more pronounced performance improvements in sit to stand (p < 0.01) and the six minute walk test (p = 0.002). Conclusion: These preliminary findings would tend to suggest that both interventions can induce improvements in quality of life, functional capacity and selected cardiovascular disease risk factors. Although the LVHIIT was well tolerated by the participants it is unclear from our results if that specific modality is superior to the CLMIT intervention. A larger sample size with a control group is required to confirm the significance of these findings.

M3 - Abstract

SP - 1

EP - 1

ER -