Surfing is a balance-reliant, open skill performed in a dynamic environment rich in visual, somatosensory and vestibular information. Objective: To evaluate adaptations to the postural control system by surfing experience. Methods: Postural control was assessed in an upright bipedal stance in 60 male volunteers (21 elite surfers, 20 intermediate level surfers, and 19 controls) using various closed-stance positions.
Needham, K., Allison, G., Lay, B., & Edwards, D. (2008). Effects of experience in a dynamic environment on postural control. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.033688