Effects of skin thickness and skinfold compressibility on skinfold thickness measurement

A. D. Martin, D. T. Drinkwater, J. P. Clarys, M. Daniel, W. D. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variability in both skin thickness and skinfold compressibility affects the relationship between the skinfold caliper reading at a particular site on the body and the actual adipose thickness at that site, thus inducing error in the estimation of body fatness. To investigate this variability, skinfold thickness by caliper and incised depth of subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured at 13 skinfold sites in 6 male and 7 female unembalmed cadavers aged 55 to 94 years. All skin was then removed and its thickness measured at the exact sites of skinfold measurement. The regional patterns for skin thickness were similar in men and women, though women had significantly (P < .05) thinner skin than men at the biceps, chest, supraspinale, and abdominal sites. Mean (SD) skin thickness for each cadaver over all sites ranged from 0.76 mm (0.28 mm) to 1.47 mm (0.43 mm), with an overall mean for men of 1.22 mm (0.36 mm) and for women of 0.98 mm (0.36 mm). The thickness of a double layer of skin expressed as a percentage of skinfold thickness for all cadavers over all 13 sites ranged from 7.1% to 33.4%. Because of their leanness and thicker skin, the mean for men, 22.7% (10.1%), was significantly greater than that for women, 10.8% (6.2%) (P < .0001). Mean skinfold compressibility over all sites was 53.5% (16.4%) in men adn 51.9% (16.5%) in women (not significant). Such marked variability in skinfold compressibility and in the relative contribution of skin thickness to skinfold thickness suggests the need for caution in comparing estimates of fatness by skinfold caliper between different subjects. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Skinfold Thickness
compressibility
skinfold thickness
skin
Skin
calipers
Cadaver
chest
effect
Thinness
Subcutaneous Fat
regional pattern
adipose tissue
Reading
Thorax
woman

Cite this

Martin, A. D. ; Drinkwater, D. T. ; Clarys, J. P. ; Daniel, M. ; Ross, W. D. / Effects of skin thickness and skinfold compressibility on skinfold thickness measurement. In: American Journal of Human Biology. 1992 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 453-460.
@article{b2f59c5fccd5401eabb49e0fa4aa30a5,
title = "Effects of skin thickness and skinfold compressibility on skinfold thickness measurement",
abstract = "Variability in both skin thickness and skinfold compressibility affects the relationship between the skinfold caliper reading at a particular site on the body and the actual adipose thickness at that site, thus inducing error in the estimation of body fatness. To investigate this variability, skinfold thickness by caliper and incised depth of subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured at 13 skinfold sites in 6 male and 7 female unembalmed cadavers aged 55 to 94 years. All skin was then removed and its thickness measured at the exact sites of skinfold measurement. The regional patterns for skin thickness were similar in men and women, though women had significantly (P < .05) thinner skin than men at the biceps, chest, supraspinale, and abdominal sites. Mean (SD) skin thickness for each cadaver over all sites ranged from 0.76 mm (0.28 mm) to 1.47 mm (0.43 mm), with an overall mean for men of 1.22 mm (0.36 mm) and for women of 0.98 mm (0.36 mm). The thickness of a double layer of skin expressed as a percentage of skinfold thickness for all cadavers over all 13 sites ranged from 7.1{\%} to 33.4{\%}. Because of their leanness and thicker skin, the mean for men, 22.7{\%} (10.1{\%}), was significantly greater than that for women, 10.8{\%} (6.2{\%}) (P < .0001). Mean skinfold compressibility over all sites was 53.5{\%} (16.4{\%}) in men adn 51.9{\%} (16.5{\%}) in women (not significant). Such marked variability in skinfold compressibility and in the relative contribution of skin thickness to skinfold thickness suggests the need for caution in comparing estimates of fatness by skinfold caliper between different subjects. {\circledC} 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.",
author = "Martin, {A. D.} and Drinkwater, {D. T.} and Clarys, {J. P.} and M. Daniel and Ross, {W. D.}",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1002/ajhb.1310040404",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "453--460",
journal = "American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council",
issn = "1042-0533",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Effects of skin thickness and skinfold compressibility on skinfold thickness measurement. / Martin, A. D.; Drinkwater, D. T.; Clarys, J. P.; Daniel, M.; Ross, W. D.

In: American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1992, p. 453-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of skin thickness and skinfold compressibility on skinfold thickness measurement

AU - Martin, A. D.

AU - Drinkwater, D. T.

AU - Clarys, J. P.

AU - Daniel, M.

AU - Ross, W. D.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Variability in both skin thickness and skinfold compressibility affects the relationship between the skinfold caliper reading at a particular site on the body and the actual adipose thickness at that site, thus inducing error in the estimation of body fatness. To investigate this variability, skinfold thickness by caliper and incised depth of subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured at 13 skinfold sites in 6 male and 7 female unembalmed cadavers aged 55 to 94 years. All skin was then removed and its thickness measured at the exact sites of skinfold measurement. The regional patterns for skin thickness were similar in men and women, though women had significantly (P < .05) thinner skin than men at the biceps, chest, supraspinale, and abdominal sites. Mean (SD) skin thickness for each cadaver over all sites ranged from 0.76 mm (0.28 mm) to 1.47 mm (0.43 mm), with an overall mean for men of 1.22 mm (0.36 mm) and for women of 0.98 mm (0.36 mm). The thickness of a double layer of skin expressed as a percentage of skinfold thickness for all cadavers over all 13 sites ranged from 7.1% to 33.4%. Because of their leanness and thicker skin, the mean for men, 22.7% (10.1%), was significantly greater than that for women, 10.8% (6.2%) (P < .0001). Mean skinfold compressibility over all sites was 53.5% (16.4%) in men adn 51.9% (16.5%) in women (not significant). Such marked variability in skinfold compressibility and in the relative contribution of skin thickness to skinfold thickness suggests the need for caution in comparing estimates of fatness by skinfold caliper between different subjects. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

AB - Variability in both skin thickness and skinfold compressibility affects the relationship between the skinfold caliper reading at a particular site on the body and the actual adipose thickness at that site, thus inducing error in the estimation of body fatness. To investigate this variability, skinfold thickness by caliper and incised depth of subcutaneous adipose tissue were measured at 13 skinfold sites in 6 male and 7 female unembalmed cadavers aged 55 to 94 years. All skin was then removed and its thickness measured at the exact sites of skinfold measurement. The regional patterns for skin thickness were similar in men and women, though women had significantly (P < .05) thinner skin than men at the biceps, chest, supraspinale, and abdominal sites. Mean (SD) skin thickness for each cadaver over all sites ranged from 0.76 mm (0.28 mm) to 1.47 mm (0.43 mm), with an overall mean for men of 1.22 mm (0.36 mm) and for women of 0.98 mm (0.36 mm). The thickness of a double layer of skin expressed as a percentage of skinfold thickness for all cadavers over all 13 sites ranged from 7.1% to 33.4%. Because of their leanness and thicker skin, the mean for men, 22.7% (10.1%), was significantly greater than that for women, 10.8% (6.2%) (P < .0001). Mean skinfold compressibility over all sites was 53.5% (16.4%) in men adn 51.9% (16.5%) in women (not significant). Such marked variability in skinfold compressibility and in the relative contribution of skin thickness to skinfold thickness suggests the need for caution in comparing estimates of fatness by skinfold caliper between different subjects. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84995241376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajhb.1310040404

DO - 10.1002/ajhb.1310040404

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 453

EP - 460

JO - American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council

JF - American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council

SN - 1042-0533

IS - 4

ER -