Elemental sulfur in drain sediments associated with acid sulfate soils

Edward D. Burton, Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the abundance of elemental S in drain sediments associated with acid sulfate soils. The sediments exhibited near-neutral pH (5.97-7.27), high concentrations of pore-water Fe2+ (1.37-15.9 mM) and abundant oxalate-extractable Fe (up to 4300 μmol g-1). Maximum acid-volatile sulfide (AVS) concentrations in each sediment profile were high (118-1019 μmol g-1), with AVS often exceeding pyrite-S. Elemental S occurred at concentrations of 13-396 μmol g-1, with the higher concentrations exceeding previous concentrations reported for other sedimentary systems. Up to 62% of reduced inorganic S near the sediment/water interface was present as elemental S, due to reaction between AVS and oxidants such as O2 and Fe(III). Significant correlation (r = 0.74; P < 0.05) between elemental S and oxalate-extractable Fe(III) is indicative of elemental S formation by in situ oxidation of AVS. The results indicate that AVS oxidation in near-surface sediments is dynamic in acidified coastal floodplain drains, causing elemental S to be a quantitatively important intermediate S fraction. Transformations of elemental S may therefore strongly influence water quality in ASS landscapes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1247
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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acid sulfate soil
Sulfur
Sulfates
drain
Sulfides
Sediments
sulfur
sulfide
Soils
Acids
acid
sediment
oxalate
Oxalates
oxidation
sediment-water interface
Oxidation
Water
oxidant
Pyrites

Cite this

Burton, Edward D. ; Bush, Richard T. ; Sullivan, Leigh A. / Elemental sulfur in drain sediments associated with acid sulfate soils. In: Applied Geochemistry. 2006 ; Vol. 21, No. 7. pp. 1240-1247.
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Elemental sulfur in drain sediments associated with acid sulfate soils. / Burton, Edward D.; Bush, Richard T.; Sullivan, Leigh A.

In: Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 21, No. 7, 2006, p. 1240-1247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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