Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities

Courtney McGowan, David Pyne, Kevin Thompson, John Raglin, Mark Osborne, Ben Rattray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phase between the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint swimming performance. Twenty-five elite swimmers (12 men, 20 ± 3 years; 13 women, 20 ± 2 years, performance standard ~807 FINA2014 points) completed a standardised pool warm up followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-m freestyle time trial. During the transition phase, swimmers wore a tracksuit jacket with integrated heating elements and performed a dry land-based exercise routine (Combo), or a conventional tracksuit and remained seated (Control). Start (1.5% ± 1.0%, P = 0.02; mean ± 90% confidence limits) and 100-m time trial (0.8% ± 0.4%, P < 0.01) performances were improved in Combo. Core temperature declined less (-0.2°C ± 0.1°C versus -0.5°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) during the transition phase and total local (trapezius) haemoglobin concentration was greater before the time trial in Combo (81 µM ± 25 µM versus 30 µM ± 18 µM, P < 0.01; mean ± standard deviation) than in Control. Combining swimmers traditional pool warm up with passive heating via heated jackets and completion of dry land-based exercises in the transition phase improves elite sprint swimming performance by ~0.8%.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1493-1499
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Volume35
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

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    Phase Transition
    Heating
    Exercise
    Superficial Back Muscles
    Hemoglobins
    Temperature

    Cite this

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    abstract = "This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phase between the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint swimming performance. Twenty-five elite swimmers (12 men, 20 ± 3 years; 13 women, 20 ± 2 years, performance standard ~807 FINA2014 points) completed a standardised pool warm up followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-m freestyle time trial. During the transition phase, swimmers wore a tracksuit jacket with integrated heating elements and performed a dry land-based exercise routine (Combo), or a conventional tracksuit and remained seated (Control). Start (1.5{\%} ± 1.0{\%}, P = 0.02; mean ± 90{\%} confidence limits) and 100-m time trial (0.8{\%} ± 0.4{\%}, P < 0.01) performances were improved in Combo. Core temperature declined less (-0.2°C ± 0.1°C versus -0.5°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) during the transition phase and total local (trapezius) haemoglobin concentration was greater before the time trial in Combo (81 µM ± 25 µM versus 30 µM ± 18 µM, P < 0.01; mean ± standard deviation) than in Control. Combining swimmers traditional pool warm up with passive heating via heated jackets and completion of dry land-based exercises in the transition phase improves elite sprint swimming performance by ~0.8{\%}.",
    keywords = "Passive heat maintenance, freestyle performance, tissue oxygenation, elite swimming",
    author = "Courtney McGowan and David Pyne and Kevin Thompson and John Raglin and Mark Osborne and Ben Rattray",
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    Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities. / McGowan, Courtney; Pyne, David; Thompson, Kevin; Raglin, John; Osborne, Mark; Rattray, Ben.

    In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 35, No. 15, 08.2017, p. 1493-1499.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Elite sprint swimming performance is enhanced by completion of additional warm-up activities

    AU - McGowan, Courtney

    AU - Pyne, David

    AU - Thompson, Kevin

    AU - Raglin, John

    AU - Osborne, Mark

    AU - Rattray, Ben

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    AB - This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phase between the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint swimming performance. Twenty-five elite swimmers (12 men, 20 ± 3 years; 13 women, 20 ± 2 years, performance standard ~807 FINA2014 points) completed a standardised pool warm up followed by a 30-min transition phase and a 100-m freestyle time trial. During the transition phase, swimmers wore a tracksuit jacket with integrated heating elements and performed a dry land-based exercise routine (Combo), or a conventional tracksuit and remained seated (Control). Start (1.5% ± 1.0%, P = 0.02; mean ± 90% confidence limits) and 100-m time trial (0.8% ± 0.4%, P < 0.01) performances were improved in Combo. Core temperature declined less (-0.2°C ± 0.1°C versus -0.5°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) during the transition phase and total local (trapezius) haemoglobin concentration was greater before the time trial in Combo (81 µM ± 25 µM versus 30 µM ± 18 µM, P < 0.01; mean ± standard deviation) than in Control. Combining swimmers traditional pool warm up with passive heating via heated jackets and completion of dry land-based exercises in the transition phase improves elite sprint swimming performance by ~0.8%.

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    ER -