Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea

Sora PARK, Jee Young Lee

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

Abstract

Due to distance and low density, rural areas are often disadvantaged in getting access to telecommunication
infrastructures. Hence rural digital divide policies tend to focus on providing access. While narrowing the access gap
has been largely effective in developed countries, it is what happens after getting access that is more important than
connectivity itself. Connectivity must be followed by effective utilisation of the technologies in order for it to be
beneficial to individuals and communities. This study examines South Korea’s Information Network Village
(INVIL) project as an exemplary policy of sustainable broadband adoption in rural areas. The program was designed
to narrow the digital divide between urban and rural areas, create new sources of revenue and to build sustainable
rural communities. Due to this multi-layered and long-term approach, the villages have been successful in narrowing
the digital divide, not only in terms of access but also in effectively utilising broadband to enhance the local
economy and build cohesive communities. The outcome of the program was evaluated based on the policy
framework. Then a case study of three INVILs was conducted to provide an in-depth assessment of the program’s
outcome. The unique feature of the program is that it emphasises investment in human capital rather than
infrastructure and includes a long-term vision for each local community. This motivates local residents to be active
participants in the program. Beyond the provision of high-speed networks, continuous programs that are tailored to
local needs are necessary in order to facilitate sustainable broadband adoption.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013
EditorsJulie Freeman
Place of PublicationCanberra, ACT
PublisherNews Media Research Centre
Pages12-22
Number of pages11
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9781740883870
ISBN (Print)9781740883863
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventEmerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference - University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia
Duration: 18 Nov 201319 Nov 2013

Conference

ConferenceEmerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference
CountryAustralia
CityCanberra
Period18/11/1319/11/13

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rural area
village
human capital
connectivity
urban area
programme
information network
policy

Cite this

PARK, S., & Young Lee, J. (2013). Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea. In J. Freeman (Ed.), Proceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013 (Vol. 1, pp. 12-22). Canberra, ACT: News Media Research Centre.
PARK, Sora ; Young Lee, Jee. / Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea. Proceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013. editor / Julie Freeman. Vol. 1 Canberra, ACT : News Media Research Centre, 2013. pp. 12-22
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title = "Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea",
abstract = "Due to distance and low density, rural areas are often disadvantaged in getting access to telecommunicationinfrastructures. Hence rural digital divide policies tend to focus on providing access. While narrowing the access gaphas been largely effective in developed countries, it is what happens after getting access that is more important thanconnectivity itself. Connectivity must be followed by effective utilisation of the technologies in order for it to bebeneficial to individuals and communities. This study examines South Korea’s Information Network Village(INVIL) project as an exemplary policy of sustainable broadband adoption in rural areas. The program was designedto narrow the digital divide between urban and rural areas, create new sources of revenue and to build sustainablerural communities. Due to this multi-layered and long-term approach, the villages have been successful in narrowingthe digital divide, not only in terms of access but also in effectively utilising broadband to enhance the localeconomy and build cohesive communities. The outcome of the program was evaluated based on the policyframework. Then a case study of three INVILs was conducted to provide an in-depth assessment of the program’soutcome. The unique feature of the program is that it emphasises investment in human capital rather thaninfrastructure and includes a long-term vision for each local community. This motivates local residents to be activeparticipants in the program. Beyond the provision of high-speed networks, continuous programs that are tailored tolocal needs are necessary in order to facilitate sustainable broadband adoption.",
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PARK, S & Young Lee, J 2013, Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea. in J Freeman (ed.), Proceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013. vol. 1, News Media Research Centre, Canberra, ACT, pp. 12-22, Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, Canberra, Australia, 18/11/13.

Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea. / PARK, Sora; Young Lee, Jee.

Proceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013. ed. / Julie Freeman. Vol. 1 Canberra, ACT : News Media Research Centre, 2013. p. 12-22.

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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N2 - Due to distance and low density, rural areas are often disadvantaged in getting access to telecommunicationinfrastructures. Hence rural digital divide policies tend to focus on providing access. While narrowing the access gaphas been largely effective in developed countries, it is what happens after getting access that is more important thanconnectivity itself. Connectivity must be followed by effective utilisation of the technologies in order for it to bebeneficial to individuals and communities. This study examines South Korea’s Information Network Village(INVIL) project as an exemplary policy of sustainable broadband adoption in rural areas. The program was designedto narrow the digital divide between urban and rural areas, create new sources of revenue and to build sustainablerural communities. Due to this multi-layered and long-term approach, the villages have been successful in narrowingthe digital divide, not only in terms of access but also in effectively utilising broadband to enhance the localeconomy and build cohesive communities. The outcome of the program was evaluated based on the policyframework. Then a case study of three INVILs was conducted to provide an in-depth assessment of the program’soutcome. The unique feature of the program is that it emphasises investment in human capital rather thaninfrastructure and includes a long-term vision for each local community. This motivates local residents to be activeparticipants in the program. Beyond the provision of high-speed networks, continuous programs that are tailored tolocal needs are necessary in order to facilitate sustainable broadband adoption.

AB - Due to distance and low density, rural areas are often disadvantaged in getting access to telecommunicationinfrastructures. Hence rural digital divide policies tend to focus on providing access. While narrowing the access gaphas been largely effective in developed countries, it is what happens after getting access that is more important thanconnectivity itself. Connectivity must be followed by effective utilisation of the technologies in order for it to bebeneficial to individuals and communities. This study examines South Korea’s Information Network Village(INVIL) project as an exemplary policy of sustainable broadband adoption in rural areas. The program was designedto narrow the digital divide between urban and rural areas, create new sources of revenue and to build sustainablerural communities. Due to this multi-layered and long-term approach, the villages have been successful in narrowingthe digital divide, not only in terms of access but also in effectively utilising broadband to enhance the localeconomy and build cohesive communities. The outcome of the program was evaluated based on the policyframework. Then a case study of three INVILs was conducted to provide an in-depth assessment of the program’soutcome. The unique feature of the program is that it emphasises investment in human capital rather thaninfrastructure and includes a long-term vision for each local community. This motivates local residents to be activeparticipants in the program. Beyond the provision of high-speed networks, continuous programs that are tailored tolocal needs are necessary in order to facilitate sustainable broadband adoption.

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PARK S, Young Lee J. Enabling Sustainable Broadband Adoption in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Information Network Villages in South Korea. In Freeman J, editor, Proceedings of the Emerging Issues in Communication Research and Policy Conference, 2013. Vol. 1. Canberra, ACT: News Media Research Centre. 2013. p. 12-22