Enhancing phytolith carbon sequestration in rice ecosystems through basalt powder amendment

Fengshan Guo, Zhaoliang Song, Leigh Sullivan, Hailong Wang, Xueyan Liu, Xudong Wang, Zimin Li, Yuying Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global warming as a result of rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 emission is significantly influencing world’s economy and human activities. Carbon sequestration in phytoliths is regarded as a highly stable carbon sink mechanism in terrestrial ecosystems to mitigate climate change. However, the response of plant phytolith-occluded carbon (PhytOC) to external silicon amendments remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of basalt powder (BP) amendment on phytolith carbon sequestration in rice (Oryza sativa), a high-PhytOC accumulator. The results showed that the contents of phytolith and PhytOC in rice increased with BP amendment. The PhytOC production flux in different rice plant parts varied considerably (0.005–0.041 Mg CO2 ha−1 a−1), with the highest flux in the sheath. BP amendment can significantly enhance flux of phytolith carbon sequestration in croplands by 150 %. If the global rice cultivation of 1.55 × 108 ha had a similar flux of PhytOC production in this study, 0.61 × 107 to 1.54 × 107 Mg CO2 would be occluded annually within global rice phytoliths. These findings highlight that external silicon amendment such as BP amendment represents an effective potential management tool to increase long-term biogeochemical carbon sequestration in crops such as rice and may also be an efficient way to mitigate the global warming indirectly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-597
Number of pages7
JournalScience Bulletin
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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phytolith
carbon sequestration
rice
basalt
ecosystem
carbon
silicon
global warming
carbon sink
terrestrial ecosystem
human activity

Cite this

Guo, Fengshan ; Song, Zhaoliang ; Sullivan, Leigh ; Wang, Hailong ; Liu, Xueyan ; Wang, Xudong ; Li, Zimin ; Zhao, Yuying. / Enhancing phytolith carbon sequestration in rice ecosystems through basalt powder amendment. In: Science Bulletin. 2015 ; Vol. 60, No. 6. pp. 591-597.
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abstract = "Global warming as a result of rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 emission is significantly influencing world’s economy and human activities. Carbon sequestration in phytoliths is regarded as a highly stable carbon sink mechanism in terrestrial ecosystems to mitigate climate change. However, the response of plant phytolith-occluded carbon (PhytOC) to external silicon amendments remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of basalt powder (BP) amendment on phytolith carbon sequestration in rice (Oryza sativa), a high-PhytOC accumulator. The results showed that the contents of phytolith and PhytOC in rice increased with BP amendment. The PhytOC production flux in different rice plant parts varied considerably (0.005–0.041 Mg CO2 ha−1 a−1), with the highest flux in the sheath. BP amendment can significantly enhance flux of phytolith carbon sequestration in croplands by 150 {\%}. If the global rice cultivation of 1.55 × 108 ha had a similar flux of PhytOC production in this study, 0.61 × 107 to 1.54 × 107 Mg CO2 would be occluded annually within global rice phytoliths. These findings highlight that external silicon amendment such as BP amendment represents an effective potential management tool to increase long-term biogeochemical carbon sequestration in crops such as rice and may also be an efficient way to mitigate the global warming indirectly.",
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Enhancing phytolith carbon sequestration in rice ecosystems through basalt powder amendment. / Guo, Fengshan; Song, Zhaoliang; Sullivan, Leigh; Wang, Hailong; Liu, Xueyan; Wang, Xudong; Li, Zimin; Zhao, Yuying.

In: Science Bulletin, Vol. 60, No. 6, 2015, p. 591-597.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Enhancing phytolith carbon sequestration in rice ecosystems through basalt powder amendment

AU - Guo, Fengshan

AU - Song, Zhaoliang

AU - Sullivan, Leigh

AU - Wang, Hailong

AU - Liu, Xueyan

AU - Wang, Xudong

AU - Li, Zimin

AU - Zhao, Yuying

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AB - Global warming as a result of rapid increase in atmospheric CO2 emission is significantly influencing world’s economy and human activities. Carbon sequestration in phytoliths is regarded as a highly stable carbon sink mechanism in terrestrial ecosystems to mitigate climate change. However, the response of plant phytolith-occluded carbon (PhytOC) to external silicon amendments remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of basalt powder (BP) amendment on phytolith carbon sequestration in rice (Oryza sativa), a high-PhytOC accumulator. The results showed that the contents of phytolith and PhytOC in rice increased with BP amendment. The PhytOC production flux in different rice plant parts varied considerably (0.005–0.041 Mg CO2 ha−1 a−1), with the highest flux in the sheath. BP amendment can significantly enhance flux of phytolith carbon sequestration in croplands by 150 %. If the global rice cultivation of 1.55 × 108 ha had a similar flux of PhytOC production in this study, 0.61 × 107 to 1.54 × 107 Mg CO2 would be occluded annually within global rice phytoliths. These findings highlight that external silicon amendment such as BP amendment represents an effective potential management tool to increase long-term biogeochemical carbon sequestration in crops such as rice and may also be an efficient way to mitigate the global warming indirectly.

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