Environment of Peace: Security in a New Era of Risk

Richard Black, Joshua Busby, Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Cedric de Coning, Hafsa Maalim, Melvis Ndiloseh, Dan Smith, José Alvarado, Anniek Barnhoorn, Noah Bell, Daniel Bell-Moran, Emilie Broek, Alexis Eberlein, Karolina Eklöw, Jakob Faller, Andrea Gadnert, Farah Hegazi, Kyungmee Kim, Florian Krampe, David MichelCorey Pattison, Caleb Ray, Elise Remling, Evelyn Salas Alfaro, Elizabeth Smith, Jürg Staudenmann

Research output: Book/ReportReportspeer-review


The environmental crisis is increasing risks to security and peace worldwide, notably in countries that are already fragile. Indicators of insecurity such as the number of conflicts, the number of hungry people and military expenditure are rising; so are indicators of environmental decline, in climate change, biodiversity, pollution and other areas. In combination, the security and environmental crises are creating compound, cascading, emergent, systemic and existential risks. Without profound changes of approach by institutions of authority, risks will inevitably proliferate quickly. Environment of Peace surveys the evolving risk landscape and documents a number of developments that indicate a pathway to solutions––in international law and policy, in peacekeeping operations and among non-governmental organizations. It finds that two principal avenues need to be developed: (a) combining peace-building and environmental restoration, and (b) effectively addressing the underlying environmental issues. It also analyses the potential of existing and emerging pro-environment measures for exacerbating risks to peace and security. The findings demonstrate that only just and peaceful transitions to more sustainable practices can be effective––and show that these transitions also need to be rapid.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm
PublisherStockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Number of pages98
Publication statusPublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


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