Epidemiology of bone stress injuries in Australian high performance athletes

A retrospective cohort study

Gemma K. Ruddick, Gregory A. Lovell, Michael K. Drew, Kieran E. Fallon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of bone stress injuries in an elite sports institute. Design: Retrospective cohort study at the Australian Institute of Sport. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical records contained within the Australian Institute of Sport Athlete Management System electronic database was performed. Records with Orchard Sports Injury Classification System codes relating to bone stress injuries and stress fractures were reviewed and descriptive statistics relating to sport, site of injury, athlete age, sex and activity were analysed. Results: In the three-year period January 2014–2017, 11,942 injuries were recorded across 48 sports. 181 bone stress injuries (0.15% of all injuries) were recorded across 16 sports. BSIs in the foot and lumbar spine were the most common accounting for 30% and 23% of all the reported BSIs respectively. Gymnasts had a high frequency of lumbar spine stress injuries (n = 24, 51%) and rowers had a high frequency of rib stress injuries (n = 22, 88%). The most common location for stress injuries, equally distributed across a variety of sports, were in the foot (n = 54, 30%). Female athletes recorded more BSIs than males. Conclusion: Across a three-year period, 0.15% of injuries were related to bone stress injuries. Almost double the cases were recorded in female athletes. Sport specific injury sites were observed in the dataset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Athletes
Epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Bone and Bones
Wounds and Injuries
Sports
Athletic Injuries
Foot
Spine
Database Management Systems
Stress Fractures
Ribs

Cite this

Ruddick, Gemma K. ; Lovell, Gregory A. ; Drew, Michael K. ; Fallon, Kieran E. / Epidemiology of bone stress injuries in Australian high performance athletes : A retrospective cohort study. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2019 ; pp. 1-5.
@article{69b73f982c6d4bf887efd269bda36db4,
title = "Epidemiology of bone stress injuries in Australian high performance athletes: A retrospective cohort study",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of bone stress injuries in an elite sports institute. Design: Retrospective cohort study at the Australian Institute of Sport. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical records contained within the Australian Institute of Sport Athlete Management System electronic database was performed. Records with Orchard Sports Injury Classification System codes relating to bone stress injuries and stress fractures were reviewed and descriptive statistics relating to sport, site of injury, athlete age, sex and activity were analysed. Results: In the three-year period January 2014–2017, 11,942 injuries were recorded across 48 sports. 181 bone stress injuries (0.15{\%} of all injuries) were recorded across 16 sports. BSIs in the foot and lumbar spine were the most common accounting for 30{\%} and 23{\%} of all the reported BSIs respectively. Gymnasts had a high frequency of lumbar spine stress injuries (n = 24, 51{\%}) and rowers had a high frequency of rib stress injuries (n = 22, 88{\%}). The most common location for stress injuries, equally distributed across a variety of sports, were in the foot (n = 54, 30{\%}). Female athletes recorded more BSIs than males. Conclusion: Across a three-year period, 0.15{\%} of injuries were related to bone stress injuries. Almost double the cases were recorded in female athletes. Sport specific injury sites were observed in the dataset.",
keywords = "Gymnastics, Injury, Sport, Stress fractures",
author = "Ruddick, {Gemma K.} and Lovell, {Gregory A.} and Drew, {Michael K.} and Fallon, {Kieran E.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsams.2019.06.008",
language = "English",
pages = "1--5",
journal = "Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport",
issn = "1440-2440",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Epidemiology of bone stress injuries in Australian high performance athletes : A retrospective cohort study. / Ruddick, Gemma K.; Lovell, Gregory A.; Drew, Michael K.; Fallon, Kieran E.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 29.06.2019, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Epidemiology of bone stress injuries in Australian high performance athletes

T2 - A retrospective cohort study

AU - Ruddick, Gemma K.

AU - Lovell, Gregory A.

AU - Drew, Michael K.

AU - Fallon, Kieran E.

PY - 2019/6/29

Y1 - 2019/6/29

N2 - Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of bone stress injuries in an elite sports institute. Design: Retrospective cohort study at the Australian Institute of Sport. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical records contained within the Australian Institute of Sport Athlete Management System electronic database was performed. Records with Orchard Sports Injury Classification System codes relating to bone stress injuries and stress fractures were reviewed and descriptive statistics relating to sport, site of injury, athlete age, sex and activity were analysed. Results: In the three-year period January 2014–2017, 11,942 injuries were recorded across 48 sports. 181 bone stress injuries (0.15% of all injuries) were recorded across 16 sports. BSIs in the foot and lumbar spine were the most common accounting for 30% and 23% of all the reported BSIs respectively. Gymnasts had a high frequency of lumbar spine stress injuries (n = 24, 51%) and rowers had a high frequency of rib stress injuries (n = 22, 88%). The most common location for stress injuries, equally distributed across a variety of sports, were in the foot (n = 54, 30%). Female athletes recorded more BSIs than males. Conclusion: Across a three-year period, 0.15% of injuries were related to bone stress injuries. Almost double the cases were recorded in female athletes. Sport specific injury sites were observed in the dataset.

AB - Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of bone stress injuries in an elite sports institute. Design: Retrospective cohort study at the Australian Institute of Sport. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical records contained within the Australian Institute of Sport Athlete Management System electronic database was performed. Records with Orchard Sports Injury Classification System codes relating to bone stress injuries and stress fractures were reviewed and descriptive statistics relating to sport, site of injury, athlete age, sex and activity were analysed. Results: In the three-year period January 2014–2017, 11,942 injuries were recorded across 48 sports. 181 bone stress injuries (0.15% of all injuries) were recorded across 16 sports. BSIs in the foot and lumbar spine were the most common accounting for 30% and 23% of all the reported BSIs respectively. Gymnasts had a high frequency of lumbar spine stress injuries (n = 24, 51%) and rowers had a high frequency of rib stress injuries (n = 22, 88%). The most common location for stress injuries, equally distributed across a variety of sports, were in the foot (n = 54, 30%). Female athletes recorded more BSIs than males. Conclusion: Across a three-year period, 0.15% of injuries were related to bone stress injuries. Almost double the cases were recorded in female athletes. Sport specific injury sites were observed in the dataset.

KW - Gymnastics

KW - Injury

KW - Sport

KW - Stress fractures

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068833283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.06.008

DO - 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.06.008

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

ER -