Estimating suicide rates in developing nations: A Low cost newspaper capture-recapture approach in Cambodia

Keith Harris, Joanne THANDRAYEN, Chien Samphoas, Pros Se, Boontriga Lewchalermwongse, Rattanakorn Ratanashevorn, Megan Perry, Choloe Britts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study tested a low-cost method for estimating suicide rates in developing nations that lack adequate statistics. Data comprised reported suicides from Cambodia’s 2 largest newspapers. Capture-recapture modeling estimated a suicide rate of 3.8/100 000 (95% CI = 2.5-6.7) for 2012. That compares to World Health Organization estimates of 1.3 to 9.4/100 000 and a Cambodian government estimate of 3.5/100 000. Suicide rates of males were twice that of females, and rates of those <40 years were twice that of those ≥40 years. Capture-recapture modeling with newspaper reports proved a reasonable method for estimating suicide rates for countries with inadequate official data. These methods are low-cost and can be applied to regions with at least 2 newspapers with overlapping reports. Means to further improve this approach are discussed. These methods are applicable to both recent and historical data, which can benefit epidemiological work, and may also be applicable to homicides and other statistics
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)262-270
    Number of pages9
    JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Cambodia
    Newspapers
    Suicide
    Developing Countries
    Costs and Cost Analysis
    Homicide

    Cite this

    Harris, K., THANDRAYEN, J., Samphoas, C., Se, P., Lewchalermwongse, B., Ratanashevorn, R., ... Britts, C. (2016). Estimating suicide rates in developing nations: A Low cost newspaper capture-recapture approach in Cambodia. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 262-270. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539516634186
    Harris, Keith ; THANDRAYEN, Joanne ; Samphoas, Chien ; Se, Pros ; Lewchalermwongse, Boontriga ; Ratanashevorn, Rattanakorn ; Perry, Megan ; Britts, Choloe. / Estimating suicide rates in developing nations: A Low cost newspaper capture-recapture approach in Cambodia. In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2016 ; pp. 262-270.
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    abstract = "This study tested a low-cost method for estimating suicide rates in developing nations that lack adequate statistics. Data comprised reported suicides from Cambodia’s 2 largest newspapers. Capture-recapture modeling estimated a suicide rate of 3.8/100 000 (95{\%} CI = 2.5-6.7) for 2012. That compares to World Health Organization estimates of 1.3 to 9.4/100 000 and a Cambodian government estimate of 3.5/100 000. Suicide rates of males were twice that of females, and rates of those <40 years were twice that of those ≥40 years. Capture-recapture modeling with newspaper reports proved a reasonable method for estimating suicide rates for countries with inadequate official data. These methods are low-cost and can be applied to regions with at least 2 newspapers with overlapping reports. Means to further improve this approach are discussed. These methods are applicable to both recent and historical data, which can benefit epidemiological work, and may also be applicable to homicides and other statistics",
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    Harris, K, THANDRAYEN, J, Samphoas, C, Se, P, Lewchalermwongse, B, Ratanashevorn, R, Perry, M & Britts, C 2016, 'Estimating suicide rates in developing nations: A Low cost newspaper capture-recapture approach in Cambodia', Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, pp. 262-270. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539516634186

    Estimating suicide rates in developing nations: A Low cost newspaper capture-recapture approach in Cambodia. / Harris, Keith; THANDRAYEN, Joanne; Samphoas, Chien; Se, Pros; Lewchalermwongse, Boontriga; Ratanashevorn, Rattanakorn; Perry, Megan; Britts, Choloe.

    In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 2016, p. 262-270.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - THANDRAYEN, Joanne

    AU - Samphoas, Chien

    AU - Se, Pros

    AU - Lewchalermwongse, Boontriga

    AU - Ratanashevorn, Rattanakorn

    AU - Perry, Megan

    AU - Britts, Choloe

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    AB - This study tested a low-cost method for estimating suicide rates in developing nations that lack adequate statistics. Data comprised reported suicides from Cambodia’s 2 largest newspapers. Capture-recapture modeling estimated a suicide rate of 3.8/100 000 (95% CI = 2.5-6.7) for 2012. That compares to World Health Organization estimates of 1.3 to 9.4/100 000 and a Cambodian government estimate of 3.5/100 000. Suicide rates of males were twice that of females, and rates of those <40 years were twice that of those ≥40 years. Capture-recapture modeling with newspaper reports proved a reasonable method for estimating suicide rates for countries with inadequate official data. These methods are low-cost and can be applied to regions with at least 2 newspapers with overlapping reports. Means to further improve this approach are discussed. These methods are applicable to both recent and historical data, which can benefit epidemiological work, and may also be applicable to homicides and other statistics

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